The Attack on Pearl Harbor
August 18, 2012
The Pearl Harbor attack was a military strike that was surprisingly carried out by Imperial Japanese Navy at the Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, United States. Naval base of the United States was the primary target for the Japanese military forces that launched the attack. The attack was carried out in December 1941. The Japanese military forces used the attack as a precautionary action to deter the American Pacific Fleet from prying the planned military actions of Japanese Empire. The Japanese Empire had planned military actions against abroad territories of Netherlands, America and the United Kingdom.
Consequently, Americans were forced into war, which was not in accordance with their wishes to defend their country. The naval base was reportedly attacked by approximately 350 Japanese military personnel. The attack was carried out in two successive waves from six different aircraft carriers. Eventually, the battleships for American Navy were all destroyed and four sank. Americans managed to raise two of the damaged battleships and repaired four to end up with six battleships servicing the war later. The attack on Pearl Harbor is discussed and examined in detail. The Background of the Battle
The intention of Japanese military to launch the attack on Americans was to reduce the effect of the Pacific Fleet of the United States. Japan sought to protect its advancement into the Dutch East Indies as well as Malaya because of the natural resources like rubber and oil in these regions that she wanted to access. Both Japan and America had contemplated possible attacks on each other as from 1920s and, subsequently, developed emergency plans. Nevertheless, tension between these nations did not escalate until Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931. Japan continued her expansion into China, which eventually resulted in a battle in 1937. Japan invested much effort in isolating China to achieve adequate resource autonomy to achieve conquest on mainland (Record, 2012). The Pearl Harbor was a mission to help toward achieving the efforts.
The military actions of the Japanese Empire changed the public opinion of the Western countries against the mission of Japan. Japan perceived the actions of America against her as an unfriendly gesture. President Roosevelt ordered that the Pacific Fleet be moved from San Diego to Hawaii. Further, he wanted to discourage Japanese assault in Far East through a military buildup. The Japanese launched a destructive precautionary strike against America to evade interference from the United States Navy. In 1941, America stopped exporting oil to Japan and this motivated Japan to capture oil rich resource bases. Japan began her plan to attack Pearl Harbor in early 1941 (PearlHarbor.org, 2012). Despite the expected attack from Japan by America, she did not expect Pearl Harbor to be targeted first.
Japan had an intention of destroying essential American fleet units to prevent the Pacific Fleet from prying with her take-over of the targeted resourceful regions. Japan also used the opportunity to strengthen her naval power prior to shipbuilding. Eventually, she intended to discourage Americans by interfering negatively with their morale. As a result, she targeted the battleships (Statemaster, 2012). Strategy and Attack
The attack was launched on November 1941 using six aircraft carriers from the Northwest of Hawaii (Sorkin, 2012). Japan planned to employ 408 military aircrafts of which 360 would be for attack waves carried out twice and 48 for defensive. The primary attack was strategized under the first wave and the second wave was meant to eliminate the duties not accomplished in the first wave. The capital ships were attacked in the first wave using powerful weapons. Targets of highest value like aircraft carriers and battleships were embattled by the Japanese during the first wave. The aim was to...
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