The Ancient Egyptians Thought of Egypt as Being Divided Into Two Types of Land

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Civilization| Geography| Religion| Government| Achievement| Ancient Egypt.| The ancient Egyptians thought of Egypt as being divided into two types of land, the 'black land' and the 'red land.| Ancient religion is polytheistic. Many gods of nature. | *Headed by the pharaoh.*Viziers governed different parts of the empire. | *Stele is inscribed in stone labs.*Egyptians built their pyramids, statues and monuments out of stone.| Mesopotamia| Located in Iraq; a desert Tigris & Euphrates. Mesopotamia land between the 2 main rivers called “fertile crescent” due to its rich soil.| Many harsh or punishing gods of nature. | *Mesopotamia cities were actually city- states. Led by the king.*The center of each city-state was the ziggurat (temple).| By 3200 BCE Sumerians invented cuneiform, a true writing system. They marked clay tablets with a stylus (sharp pointed tool).| India | India is so large that is often called a subcontinent. India’s main rivers are the Hindus and Ganges. In the southern India is the Deccan plateau. It is extremely hot and dry. | India’s religion is monotheistic they believe in one god, Brahman. Other gods are just different forms of the one god. | The Government of India is a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. The Preamble of the Constitution of India describes the nation as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic.| *Bronze tools, and plumbing system.* 1500 BCE Aryans conquered the Indus river valley. | China | China has many natural barriers:*Pacific ocean. (west) *Himalayan mountains. (Southwest)*Gobi desert.(North)| China’s religion is Taoism. Taoism is polytheistic. Taoism is more of a philosophy than a religion.| China has a Communism government. China is a single-party republic ruled by the Communist Party.| *Bronze tools and weapons, as well as silk (a delicate fabric made from silkworm cocoons).|
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