English Composition 1
November 14, 2010
The 1970s Compared to the 1960s
The advancement of civil rights and “government for the people” in the twentieth century has been most prominent during the 60’s and 70’s. When you hear about how the women and minorities fought for their right to change the United States into a better nation from one decade to the next, it is amazing. During these two decades, Americans fought hard to break down the barriers of civil rights, equality for women and many types of government issues. It was a time of calling for equality for everyone, of war and peace and a time when genders were split in their ideas of the perfect American dream.
In the early 1960’s, the civil rights movement sparked a frenzy of public attention when the Supreme Court ruled in the case of Brown versus The Board of Education ruled on behalf of Brown deeming that the segregated schools were unconstitutional. The National Organization for the Advancement of Colored People protested and boycotted hundreds of issues related to racial discrimination on the city’s bus services, schools, restaurants, and many other private businesses. The National Organization for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) sparked many other African Americans to fight for equality along with other organizations such as The Southern Christian Leadership Conference who was created by Martin Luther King in 1960. The civil rights movement, in the mid 1960’s, started protesting by walking to the states capitol many times in order to fight for the right to vote. In 1965 the civil rights movement was able to put enough pressure on Congress to pass the Voting Rights Act of 1965 allowing a large number of African Americans to vote. With the 1960’s coming to a close, the death of Martin Luther King would send the civil rights movement into the 1970’s without its leader who whole heartedly believed that there could be peace and good will towards men. Even though the civil rights movement suffered a severe blow with the loss of a great leader it continued the fight for civil rights and the desegregation of schools from government and political standpoints in the 1970’s. After the Brown case in 1954 there were no laws regarding segregation. But the 1960’s created the legal and social framework to end segregation in America. Similarly, the 1970’s became the decade to achieve the goal of integrating the nation’s public schools. It became the responsibility of the people and the politicians of the United States. After desegregation, the fight for black equality in America continued. Similar to the 1960’s, the civil rights movement was fighting just as hard in the early 1970’s by picketing, boycotting, and marching. By the mid 1970’s, African Americans started to see an incline in higher education, with a number of African Americans in government office, and increased income for some. The 1960’s and 1970’s proved to be the decades when the minorities and women of America fought to do away with many prejudices. One that caused havoc inside many American homes and between husband and wife and daughter and father was the discrimination associated to gender. At the end of World War II, America’s society viewed women as the ones who did the cooking, cleaning, and baby making. In 1966 many women who were educated and part of the middle to upper class formed an organization called The National Organization for Women (NOW) whose main focus was to enforce the 1964 Civil Rights Act which outlawed discrimination based on race and sex. Another group that made a difference was the Women’s Rights Advocates. These were older and more mature women and their process began with the appointment of a Presidential Commission on the Status of women in 1961. Presidents, Democrats, and Republicans, regularly discharged their political debt to female members of the body of voters, especially to those who had faithfully served the party,...