In Africa the 1960s was a period of radical political change as 32 countries gained independence from their European colonial rulers. The 1960s was also associated with a large increase in crime and urban unrest of all types.
The counterculture movement dominated the second half of the 1960s, its most famous moments being the Summer of Love in San Francisco in 1967, and the Woodstock Festival in upstate New York in 1969. Psychedelic drugs, especially LSD, were widely used medicinally, spiritually and recreationally throughout the late 1960s
1960 – The female birth-control contraceptive, the pill, was released in the United States after Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. 1967 – First heart transplantation operation by Professor Christiaan Barnard in South Africa.
Counterculture of the 1960s
The counterculture of the 1960s was a cultural phenomenon that developed first in theUnited States and United Kingdom The movement gained momentum during the U.S. government's extensive military intervention in Vietnam.[ The youth involved in the popular social aspects of the movement became known as hippies. These groups created a movement toward liberation in society, including the sexual revolution, questioning authority and government, and demanding more freedoms and rights for women and minorities. The movement was also marked by the first widespread, socially accepted drug use (including LSD and marijuana) and psychedelicmusic.
The Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union dominated the 1960s. The Soviets sent the first man, Yuri Gagarin, into outer space during the...