Terrorism in Nigeria

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  • Topic: Nigeria, Niger, History of Nigeria
  • Pages : 2 (553 words )
  • Download(s) : 173
  • Published : January 14, 2013
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NIGERIA AND THE BOMBER: THE GENESIS TO REVELATION
Nigeria is a country in the West of Africa with an interesting population of over 160 million people. A British Colony, Nigeria was hitherto peaceful and seen as key to African development and interests. Such has been the opposite of the true state of the supposed Giant of Africa since gaining independence in 1960 and declaring a Republic in 1961. After years of Military Dictatorship and coups left the country under-developed for much of her early post-independent years, Democracy was returned to the Oil rich Nation. The country divided across religious and ethic lines with the North dominated by Muslims, and the South by Christians. The country’s major trade partners include the USA and UK. The early independent kingdoms and states that make the present day British colonized Nigeria are; i. Benin Kingdom

ii. Borgu Kingdom
iii. Fulani Empire
iv. Hausa Kingdoms
v. Kanem Bornu Empire
vi. Kwararafa Kingdom
vii. Ibibio Kingdom
viii. Nri Kingdom
ix. Nupe Kingdom
x. Oyo Kingdom
xi. Songhai Empire
xii. Warri Kingdom
The name Nigeria was suggested by a British Journalist Flora Shaw in the 1890s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country’s landscape. The word Niger is Latin for black. Nigeria has over 250 ethnic groups, which the three major and internationally recognized are Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. Other smaller groups include the Fulani, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Tiv, and Edo. Prior to their conquest by Europeans, these ethnic groups had separate and independent histories; hence their amalgamation was a construct of their European Colonizers. That singular act of amalgamation has proved costly year after year as communal, religious, and ethnic clashes characterize the present-day Nigeria. With porous borders on the West to Benin, North to Niger and Chad, and on the East to Cameroun, clashes often than not spiral...
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