Topics: Terrorism, Counter-terrorism, State-sponsored terrorism Pages: 24 (8708 words) Published: February 5, 2013
* 1. Politics of Representation Terrorism Index 1. Introduction 2 2. Defining ‘Terrorism’ 3 3. Understanding ‘Terrorists’ 6 Gerrits‟ Seven „Terrorists‟‟ Tactics of Publicity 8 The Role of the Media in the „Terrorist Crusade‟ 8 Violence as a Central Feature of „Terrorism‟ 9 4. The Construction of the „Terrorist Threat‟ – ‘Counterterrorism’ vs. ‘Terrorism’ / ’Terrorism’ vs. ‘Counterterrorism 10 5. Conclusion 12 6. Bibliography 14 Student – João Cotrim 1 * 2. Politics of Representation Terrorism 1. Introduction Since September 11th, 2001, the world has witnessed a radical change in the world order. Fear, anxiety, sentiments of repugnancy and hate, and, mostly, a deep sentiment of great uncertainty took their place and dominated, and still dominate, most of our daily lives. Since then, there have been much discussions and debates about the events that took place in that fatal date and consequent repercussions for the entire world. The events were classified as the worst „terrorists‟ acts, deeds that were ever seen and witnessed, much due to the role of a cultural good which has a central place in this mass-communications era – television. The power of the images of the two „hijacked‟ planes crushing against the Twin Towers and their subsequent fall, which every one of us has and will have in mind until the end of our lives, had a major part in producing all the sentiments that certainly all of us felt, at the time, and surely, still fill! The discussion about „Terrorism‟ has, thus, become part of our lives, while the media have become a central player in delivering the latest developments on this issue, and in keeping people informed and updated. One just cannot avoid it! Virtually, everyone has his personal point of view and particular way of looking at this concerning problematic, issue. That‟s why I chose this topic! It‟s a very contemporary issue and, thus, I believe it is worthy looking at it, studying and analysing it. In the next pages, then, I will focus on the points, which I consider to be the key icons that must be underlined and highlighted in order to fully understand the contours of „terrorism‟. Firstly, I‟ll try to define „terrorism‟. In doing so, I will bring up some accounts of authors about the theme. After that, I will concentrate myself in giving a perspective of the „terrorist‟ side. I will centre my attention in broaching what is called the “tactics of publicity” used by „terrorists‟, analysing the crucial role of the media in disseminating „terrorists‟‟ causes, as well as trying to understand the use of violence by „terrorists‟. Student – João Cotrim 2 * 3. Politics of Representation Terrorism In a third stage, my target will be in demonstrating the construction of the terrorist threat‟ theory. Once again, my analysis will be supported by accounts and thesis of some authors. Finally, I will try and sum up the ideas brought up in this essay in an adequate conclusion. 2. Defining “Terrorism” At the eyes of the all world, terrorism is, today, very much a concerning issue, which has invaded and dominated our lives, most particularly, since the attack on the twin towers in New York city, in September 11th 2001. Thus, it has been the centre of much discussion by many and has gained an unprecedented importance and dimension. Because it‟s such a complex, sensible, fragile and very much dreadful concept, it‟s not easy to broach it in a leaner way and, thus, it produces many concerns and questions about both the discourse of the state and the discourse of the „terrorists‟. Academics, politicians, security experts and journalists, all use a variety of definitions of „terrorism‟. Some definitions focus on the „terrorist‟ organizations‟ mode of operation, while others emphasize the motivations and characteristics of „terrorism‟, and the „modus operandi‟ of individual „terrorists‟. In their book “Political Terrorism”, Schmidt and Youngman presented numerous possible definitions for „terrorism‟, which they...
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