Term Paper - Dreams

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OUTLINE
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF DREAMS
Thesis: The occurrence of dreams is associated with our memories and experiences which can help us find out more about ourselves. I. Introduction
A. Definition of Dreams……………………………………………………….1
B. The Cause of Dreams……………………………………………………...2 II. Body
A. Dream Associations
1. Dreams and Memories……………………………………….……2
2. Dreams and Ourselves………………………………………….....3
B. Dream Theories
1. Robert’s Theory……………………………………………….……3
2. Yves Delage’s Theory……………………………………….…….4
C. Typical Dreams
1. Dreams of the Death of Beloved Persons………………….…...6
2. Dreams of Falling in Terror and when One Flies with
A Feeling of Ease………………………………………….…………7
3. Dreams of Nakedness…………………………………….……….7
4. Dreams of Examination…………………………………….……...8
5. Dreams of Being Attacked by Friends……………………..……..8
D. Usual Symbols that we see in a Dream
1. A Cat…………………………………………………………..……..9
2. A Lock and A Key………………………………………………..…9
3. Two Rooms which was previously One ………...........................9
4. A Royal Family ………………………………………………..…....9
5. A Room……………………………………………………….……..9
6. Small Animals and Vermin……………………………….………10
7. Two Pathways………………………………………………...……10
E. Factors that affects the Presentation of Dreams
1. Dream Intensity……………………………………………..……..10
2. Interest…………………………………………………………..….10
3. Dream Composition……………………………………...…….....10 Conclusion: Dreams as a guide…………………………………………………….11 Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………..13

"To sleep or perchance to dream" (Shakespeare, 1599). As you succumb to closing your eyes and dozing off, little do you know of the dream activity that will go on in your brain that night. Although some people argue that they don’t ever dream, there are those of us who dream constantly, night and day. And while the majority of us say that we can’t even remember our dreams, one thing is scientifically certain, dreams exist. Because the topic of dreams has yet to be extensively researchable, there are still many unanswered questions. True, everyone agrees that dreams occur; however, far more complex is the study of the purpose of dreams. With much evidence, dream researchers have proven dreams to have various meaning and also play an important role in unconscious and conscious human activity. A dream, as defined in The World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia, is a sequence of images that appear involuntarily to the mind of somebody who is sleeping, often a mixture of real and imaginary characters, places, and events. It is simply a thought or sequence of thoughts that occurred during sleep. Dreaming is a form of mental activity that occurs during sleep. The nature of dream activity has been characterized by many clinical and laboratory studies. These studies show that dreams are more perceptual than conceptual: Things are seen and heard rather than thought. In terms of the senses, visual experience is present in almost all dreams; auditory experience in 40 to 50 percent; and touch, taste, smell, and pain in a relatively small percentage. A considerable amount of emotion is commonly present—usually a single, stark emotion such as fear, anger, or joy rather than the 1

modulated emotions that occur in the waking state. Most dreams are in the form of interrupted stories, made up partly of memories, with frequent shifts of scene. Many dreams collected in sleep laboratories are rather ordinary, but most people have at least some bizarre dreams (Gutheil, 1951).

As cited in http://wikipedia.org, general observation shows that dreams are strongly associated with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, during which an electroencephalogram shows brain activity to be most like wakefulness. It is a state during sleep where brain waves become small and fast and eye movement becomes very rapid. It is a period during sleep that induces visual dreaming.

"Dreams are ever-present excitations of long-term memory, even during waking life. This can be...
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