Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Building Type: Hotel
Owner: Sheikh Maktoum Hasyer Maktoum Al-Maktoum
Number of Floors: 60
Building Height: 321m
Architect: Tom Wills-Wright
Structural Engineer: Martin Halford (Eversendai Engineering) MEP Engineers: DSE Engineering Group
Contractor: Murray & Roberts & Al Habtoor Engineering Contracting Method: Design-Build
Architectural Organizing Principles: Inspire by Dhow boats. Built for royalty and the affluent. Major Structural Systems: 130 foot deep piles, outer steel frame V, inner reinforced concrete V Shaped Major HVAC Systems: We made a logical assumption of the location for each component (no HVAC system was found) Abstract
A fabulous civil engineering wonder, Burj Al Arab is to Dubai what the Opera House is to Sydney. Burj Al Arab is a luxury hotel located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. At 321 m (1,053 ft), it is the fourth tallest hotel in the world. Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m (920 ft) from Jumeirah beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail of a ship. Built on a man-made island, Burj Al Arab construction began in 1993 and was completed in 1999. The 321 meters high building was designed by architect Tom Wright, formerly known as Tom Wills Wright.
The stages of construction are shown in figure below:
Figure 1 : Stages of construction
Chapter 01 # Introduction
Dubai's impressive economic boom was due in big part to oil; however their leaders noticed that their oil reserves would run out in 2016. Therefore, they decided to shift the emirate's economy to luxury tourism. The Burj Al Arab hotel was to be the new symbol of this emirate, and led Dubai to become one of the of the world's largest real estate development areas. In 1994 a group of young British architects led by Thomas Willis Wright received the commission of their lives: to design a building that would become the symbol of a city, Dubai, and a country, the United Arab Emirates. The client was none other than the actual ruler of Dubai, His Excellency Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. At that time few people were aware of the existence of the emirate, but it was the Burj Al Arab, the Tower of the Arabs, the one put Dubai on the map. 1.2 Design aspect
There are few buildings that did become the symbol of a city and even of a country. The Pyramids of Giza, the Tower of Pisa, the Eiffel Tower in Paris, Parliament (Big Ben) in London, the Taj Mahal in Agra, the Colosseum in Rome, the Opera House in Sydney and more recently the Beijing stadium, belong to this select group of buildings whose very image evokes the country where they are standing.
"A building becomes iconic when its form is simple and unique. If you can draw a building with a few sweeps of the pen and everyone recognises not only the structure but also associates it with a place on earth, you have gone a long way towards creating something iconic” -Thomas Wright
The building's layout is organized around two blocks forming a V shape enclosing a main courtyard. Two steel arches, separated from the main structure, give the Burj Al Arab its characteristic form. The facade is covered with two layers of canvas, separated 60 cm from each other, in order to isolate the excessive heat and sunlight. The canvases are another reference to the vessels sailing the emirate.
Figure 2: Sail like shape Figure 3: V Shape
1.3 Salient Features
There are two ways for getting to the hotel – one is using the curved road bridge and the other by a helicopter that lands directly on the helipad at the hotel’s roof top. The top floor also features a sky view bar that provides a 360 view of the Gulf. Covering an area of 1.2 million square feet, Burj Al Arab has twenty eight double height space floors, each having a height of 7 meters. The...