By English Dictionary, the word “teenager”, simply refers to children whose aged is between thirteen and nineteen(13-19). The period of adolescent is most closely associated with teenage years, although its physical, psychological and cultural expressions can begin earlier and end later. It also said to be a period development from the onset of puberty to maturity.
1.Cognitive changes ( Andres Martin and Fred R.Volkman,2007,page 282) 2.Physical changes (David R. Shaffer and Katherine Kipp,2010,page 242) 3.Emotional development (David A. Wolfe and Eric J. Mash, 2006, page) Supporting Ideas
-Teenager’s brain may be responding with more of gut reaction than an executive or more thinking kind of response. -Not really think through the consequences or outcomes.
-Difficult to completely understand parent’s word.
-Teenager’s mind characterized by fantasies which can be easily polluted by the sensual appeal. -Teenagers cannot be easily controlled by the family.
-Easily carried away by fashion and fashionable things.
2. Physical changes
-Teenagers having puberty. Girl starts early than boys around puberty period. -Organs will change in size and capacity. Lung performance improves, limbs grow, and
bones increase in thickness and volume. The chest and shoulders get broader in boys.
In girls, the hips and pelvis get wider.
- Muscle strength and size increase during this period. Hand–eye coordination
continues to improve over time, along with motor skills.
3. Emotional changes
- The intensity of their emotions seems out of proportion to the events that elicit them (Steinberg & Levine, 1997). - Girls are especially vulnerable to depression in adolescence (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2007).
- Emotional fluctuations. Moods become less extreme as adolescents move into adulthood, and this decrease in emotional...