Teen Suicide - a Research Report

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1.0 Introduction
The purpose of this report is to expand on the fact that suicide is a leading cause of death among teenagers. It will also answer the research questions: What causes teens to commit suicide? What affect suicide has on the teenager’s family and the community? What can be done to prevent teenagers from committing suicide? By examining a range of statistics, mental health websites and personal stories of people who have lost someone to suicide, this report outlines the main factors, explains the effects of suicide and also addresses multiple questions regarding this subject. This report will dissect what causes teen to commit suicide, what effect it has on their family and the community and what can be done to prevent suicide attempts. 2.0 Causes of teen suicide

There are many different elements that can cause teenagers to choose to commit suicide. Elements such as psychiatric and mental illnesses, losing hope or the will to live or having significant losses in their lives such as the death of a loved one or the loss of a relationship and alcohol and drug abuse take significant tolls on teens lives and can push them towards the unforgiving path of suicidal thoughts and actions. i..Psychiatric and mental illness

People with psychiatric and mental illnesses such as depression and bipolar disorder are at high risk for suicide attempts. It is estimated, according to stop a suicide©, that people with mood disorders are 12 to 20 times more likely to commit suicide than people without a mood disorder. Mood disorders, especially those in relation with depression are the most commonly diagnosed mental illness linked to suicide deaths. Depression is caused by chemical imbalances in the brain which can lead to hopelessness, a lack of concern towards life, losing hope and the will to live. Research has shown that almost half of 14 to 15 year olds have said they’ve experienced symptoms of depression, making the teenage years all the more difficult. Symptoms of depression in youth are repeatedly ignored and can be called adolescent turmoil. Mood disorders such as bipolar disorder consist of dramatic changes in mood from intense joy to major depression. These prolonged emotions negatively affect their mental well-being as they experience ups and downs, downs meaning the potential suicide window. Suicides associated with major depressive disorder tend to occur early in the course of the illness, especially in younger people like teenagers. ii. Significant losses in their lives

Losing someone you love is like losing an important part of yourself, especially for teenagers as death and loss is not common to them. When teens lose someone close to them that they love, it can seem like the end of the world, particularly if that someone was a family member, boyfriend, girlfriend or best-friend. Typically losing someone you truly love normally makes you value life a lot more and cherish the memories you shared. In teenagers, that may be much more difficult and often they allow these losses to take over. They stop talking to their friends and family and they may not sleep or eat. They slip into a state of depression. This state of depression is where it is most common for teenagers to start having suicidal thoughts such as: “I want to die so I can be with them” or “he/she doesn’t care about me anyway so I might as well die” which can eventually lead to the actual act of suicide. iii. Alcohol and substance abuse

Abusing alcohol and drugs have harmful effects on the body. It is not uncommon that teenagers abuse alcohol and drugs and that they have easy access to these substances. Evidence suggests that 25% of people who commit suicide do abuse alcohol and that 50% of them have alcohol in their blood at the time of their death, as a way to numb the pain and to help them to be successful in their suicide attempt. Abusing illegal drugs is common among teenagers who commit suicide as they are often used as a method of suicide....
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