1. Know the structure of education from early years to post compulsory education.
1.1 Summarise entitlement & provision for early year’s education.
Every child who on the term commencing after their 3rd Birthday is entitled to a free part time place in early years education. This was formed as part of the Every Child Matters agenda. From 0-5 years the framework of learning, development & care forms the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), which follows the following principles: • Good relationships will give children emotional security. • Provision needs to be inclusive & reflect/meet the needs of all children irrespective of their background or ability. • Providers work closely with parents/carers to form a 2-way flow of information. • Play is vital for the children’s learning & well-being.
All children aged 3-4 years in England are entitled to 12.5hrs per week over 38weeks per year of free early learning. The government funds this & every child will receive this for up to 2 years free education before joining school. Additional hours have to be contributed to by parents. The date of children starting in early years is dependent on their date of birth. Those children who are aged 3 in January – March can receive their free places from the start of the summer term. Those who are aged 3 between April – August start in the autumn term & those who are aged 3 from September – December can start from the spring term. Early years have to be fully inclusive & cater for the needs of all children including those with special educational needs. Extra funding can be applied for to support these children fully.
The foundation curriculum is for children aged 3-5 years & therefore forms the children’s first year at school (reception). EYFS sets out a standard framework from birth to the end of reception. Year 1 will continue with the principles of EYFS until the end of the autumn term. There are carious forms of early year’s providers & are as follows (they are normally subject to places/availability. • Day nurseries
• Pre Schools
• Independent schools
• Sure Start Centres
• Nursery Centres
• Schools with preschool or nurseries attached to them.
1.2 Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stages & school governance.
There are 4 different types of mainstream school, which are funded by local authorities they are also known as maintained schools. These schools have to follow the National Curriculum.
Community School – These are owned by the local authority & they employ the schools staff, own the schools land & buildings & have primary responsibility for admissions.
Voluntary Controlled – These are almost always church schools, where the land & buildings are owned by a charitable foundation. However the local authorities still employs the schools staff & has primary responsibility for school admissions. Voluntary Aided – These are normally linked to a variety of organisations but are usually religious/faith schools. The charitable foundation contributes towards the capital costs of the school and appoints a majority of the school governors. The school governors employ the staff & have primary responsibility for admissions.
Foundation School – These are run by the governing body & they employ the staff & have primary responsibility for admissions. The governing body or charitable foundation owns the schools land & buildings. The foundation appoints a minority of governors. Most of these schools were formed from the formally grant maintained schools.
Specialist Schools – These are normally secondary schools that have applied for specialist status to develop an area of subject specialism. They can also apply for specialist school status to be given for an SEN specialism under one of the four SEN codes of practice. Additional government funding is...