Tda 2.2

Topics: Abuse, Child abuse, Bullying Pages: 8 (1853 words) Published: November 21, 2011
TDA 2.2
Task 1
* Identify the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people, including e-safety.

These are as follows
Children’s act 1989/2004
Education act 2002
E safety 2008
Human rights act
Equal opportunities act
Health and safety
Disability Discrimination act/ SENDA

* Describe the roles of different agencies involved in safeguarding the welfare of children and young people.

Social services- They work in partnership with families and other agencies. When a concern is raised about a child they can carry out assessments. Meet and conduct interviews with the child and family members. Liaise with and gather other information from other agencies. Take action when a child is thought to be in immediate danger. Police- The police work closely with social service to protect children from harm. The role and responsibilities include making a decision on whether a crime has been committed, to begin a criminal investigation. They gather evidence from social services and other agencies involved. They can take emergency action if a child is in immediate danger, including removing the child or perpetrator. Also attend court and give evidence. Health professionals- GP’s, nurses, midwives and doctors in emergency departments may examine children with injuries which they may expect to be non- accidental. They have a duty to alert social services when abuse is suspected. They may also carry out a medical examination or observations if a child is thought to be as risk or has suffered abuse. They may contribute to social services reports also give evidence in court. NSPCC- It’s roll as its name suggests, is to work to protect children from harm. The NSPCC is the only third sector organisation (charity) which has the statutory power alongside the police and social services, to take action when children are at risk of abuse. They also provide services to support families and children, provide a helpline for people to call who are worried about a child. Provides a helpline for children in distress or danger. They raise awareness of abuse, for example advertising and training materials, works in influence the law and social policy to protect children better.

* Identify the characteristics of different types of child abuse.

Physical abuse.
Recurrent unexplained injuries or burns.
Watchful/cautious attitude towards adults.
Reluctance to play and be spontaneous.
Shrinking away from physical contact.
Avoidance of activities involving removal of clothes e.g. P.E swimming. Aggressive behaviour.
Difficulty in trusting people and making friends.

Emotional abuse
Delayed speech development.
Very passive lacking in spontaneity.
Social isolation. E.g. finding it hard to play with other children. Unable to engage in imaginative play.
Low self-esteem.
Easily distracted.
Fear of new situations.
Self-damaging behaviour
Self-absorbing behaviour e.g. rocking, thumb sucking.
Eating problems e.g. overeating or lack of appetite.
Withdrawn behaviour and depression.

Sexual abuse
Sudden behaviour change when abuse begins.
Low self-esteem.
Using sexual words in play activities uncharacteristic for age/level of development. Withdrawn or secretive behaviour.
Starting to wet or soil themselves.
Demonstrating inappropriate seductive or flirtatious behaviour. Frightened of physical contact.
Depression resulting in self harm.
Bruises, scratches or bite marks on the body.

Slow physical development.
Constant hunger and/or tiredness.
Poor personal hygiene and appearance.
Frequent lateness or absenteeism.
Undiagnosed/untreated medical conditions.
Social isolation/ poor social skills.
Compulsive stealing or begging.

Suddenly not wanting to go to school when usually enjoys it. Unexplained cuts and bruises.
Possessions have unexplained damage or are persistently lost. Becoming...
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