Taiwanese New Year and Tea Culture

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Taiwanese Culture

TABLE OF CONTENT

I)Chinese New year

1)Introduction

2)The Chinese Calendar

3)History

4)Sequences of Festivies
-Preceding days

- New year’s eve

-1st -15th day.

-Cuisine.

5)Main Customs.

6)Seen as a public Holiday

7)Evolution

II)Taiwanese Tea

1)Introduction

2)Historical Background

3)Taiwanese tea culture
-Teaism
-Teaware
-Ceremony
4)Bubble tea

5)Tea approach and conclusion

I)Chinese New Year

1)Introduction

Chinese New Year is the most important of the traditional Chinese holidays. It remains the most important social and economic event in China. Originally tied to the lunar-solar Chinese calendar, the holiday was a time to honor household and heavenly deities as well as ancestors. It was also a time to bring family together for feasting. With the popular adoption in China of the Western calendar in 1912, the Chinese joined in celebrating January 1 as New Year's Day. China, however, continues to celebrate the traditional Chinese New Year, although in a shorter version with a new name : the Spring Festival.

Chinese New Year's Eve, a day where Chinese families gather for their annual reunion dinner, is known as Chúxī, literally "remove evening" or "Eve of the Passing Year." Because the Chinese calendar is lunisolar the Chinese New Year is often referred to as the "Lunar New Year" and Agriculture Calendar's New Year.

Chinese New Year is celebrated in countries and territories with significant Chinese populations, such as China, including Hong Kong, Macau, Singapour, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, mauritius, Philippines, Vietnam, and also in Chinatowns elsewhere. Chinese New Year is considered a major holiday for the Chinese and has had influence on the lunar new year celebrations of its geographic neighbors

2)The Chinese Calendar

The ancient Chinese calendar, on which the Chinese New Year is based, functioned as a religious, dynastic and social guide. Oracle bones inscribed with astronomical records indicate that it existed at least as early as 14th century B.C., when the Shang Dynasty was in power. The calendar's structure wasn't static, It was reset according to which emperor held power and varied in use according to region.

The Chinese calendar was a complex timepiece. Its parameters were set according to the lunar phases as well as the solar solstices and equinoxes. In China, it is known as 'Spring Festival', the literal translation of the Chinese name, since the spring season in Chinese calendar starts with lichun, the first solar term in a Chinese calendar year. It marks the end of the winter season. The festival begins on the first day of the first month in the traditional Chinese calendar and ends with Lanter Festival which is on the 15th day.

Yin and yang, the opposing but complementary principles that make up a harmonious world, also ruled the calendar, as did the Chinese zodiac, the cycle of twelve stations or "signs" along the apparent path of the sun through the cosmos. Each new year was marked by the characteristics of one of the 12 zodiacal animals: the rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and pig.

3)History

Chinese New Year is the longest and most important festivity in the Chinese calendar. The origin of Chinese New Year is itself centuries old and gains significance because of several myths and traditions. According to tales and legends, the beginning of Chinese New Year started with the fight against a mythical beast called the Nian. Nian would come on the first day of New Year to eat livestock, crops, and even villagers, especially children. To protect themselves, the villagers would put food in front of their doors at the beginning of every year. It was believed that after the Nian ate the food they prepared, it wouldn’t attack any more people. One time, people saw that the...
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