Systems Approach Model

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Systems Approach Model
Dick and Carey’s Systems Approach Model is a widely known and highly regard instructional design model. Dick and Carey’s Systems Approach Model views the leaner, instructor, instructional material , and the learning environment as interrelated parts necessary to achieve the desired goal. The System Approach Model is made of the following interacting components: identify instructional goals, conduct instructional analysis, analyze learners and context, write performance objectives, develop assessment instruments, develop an instructional strategy, develop and select instructional material, design and conduct formative evaluation of instruction, revise instruction, and design and conduct summative evaluation. Identifying instructional goals is the first step in the model. This step lays the foundation for the systematic process to build on. During this stage the outcomes of the training are defined. The learned skills and behaviors that are desired as a result of the training are identified and express as goals. Once the instructional goals are clearly define the process moves to the instructional analysis. Here the behaviors that should be demonstrated as evidence of the learning goal was mastered are identified. Entry skills, skills knowledge, and attitudes, that required for the learner to successfully receive the training information are also identified during this stage. Analyzing the learners and contexts is another analysis to be preformed parallel to the instructional analysis. During this analysis the learners characteristics like current skill levels and attitudes are identified. The learning environment and environment that the skills will be demonstrated in after the instruction are also determined at this stage. Next, using the information from the instructional, learner, and context analysis performance objectives can be written. The performance objectives are statements of what skills should result from the training and...
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