Topics: Coachella Valley, Coachella, California, Riverside County, California Pages: 9 (2869 words) Published: April 9, 2013
For the music and arts festival, see Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival. Coachella, California
— City —
City of Coachella

Nickname(s): Coachello, La Coachelita and Cochela.

Coordinates: 33°40′46″N 116°10′28″WCoordinates: 33°40′46″N 116°10′28″W Country United States
State California
• MayorEduardo Garcia
• Total28.950 sq mi (74.981 km2)
• Land28.950 sq mi (74.981 km2)
• Water0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%
Elevation-66 ft (-20.74 m)
Population (2010)
• Total40,704
• Density1,400/sq mi (540/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
• Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code92236
Area code(s)760
FIPS code06-14260
GNIS feature ID1652686
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Coachella, California Coachella (pron.: /koʊˈtʃɛlə/, /koʊ.əˈtʃɛlə/)[2] is a city in Riverside County, California; it is the easternmost city in the region collectively known as the Coachella Valley (or the Palm Springs area). It is located 28 miles (45 km) east of Palm Springs, 72 miles (116 km) east of Riverside, and 130 miles (210 km) east of Los Angeles. Known as the "City of Eternal Sunshine", Coachella is largely a rural, agricultural, family-oriented community in the desert and one of the state's fastest growing cities in the late 20th century. When it first incorporated back in 1946, it had 1,000 residents, but the population was 40,704 at the 2010 census. The eastern half of the Coachella valley is below sea level, and the area's average elevation is 68 feet (35 m) below sea level. The Salton Sea, a saltwater lake located about 10 miles (16 km) South of Coachella, lies 227 feet (69 m) below sea level. The city also lends its name to the Coachella grapefruit; the town's stretch of State Route 111 is named Grapefruit Boulevard in its honor. Harrison Street or State Route 86 is declared historic U.S. Route 99, the major thoroughfare that connects with Interstate 10 a few miles north of town. Contents [hide]

1 Geography
2 History
3 Education
4 Culture
5 Demographics
5.1 2010
5.2 2000
6 Politics
7 Local issues
8 Events and points of interest
9 Public safety
10 References
11 External links

Coachella is located at 33°40′46″N 116°10′28″W.[3] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.95 square miles (75.0 km2), all of it land. The elevation is 68 feet (21 m) below sea level, as the eastern half of the Coachella valley is below sea level. The saltwater lake, Salton Sea, 10 miles (16 km) south of Coachella, is 228 feet (69 m) below sea level. [edit]History

The city was originally founded as Woodspur in 1876, when the Southern Pacific Railroad built a rail siding on the site. In the 1880s the indigenous Cahuilla tribe sold their land plots to the railroads for new lands east of the current town site, and in the 1890s, a few hundred traqueros took up settlement along the tracks. The origin of the name Coachella is unclear, but in 1901 the citizens of Woodspur voted on a new name for their community; at their town hall meeting, the homeowners settled on "Coachella". Some locals believe it was a misspelling of Conchilla, a Spanish word for the small white snail shells found in the valley's sandy soil, vestiges of a lake which dried up over 3,000 years ago. Coachella began as a 2.5-square-mile (6.5 km2) territory gridded out on the mesquite-covered desert floor. Not until the 1950s did Coachella begin to expand into its present range, about 32 square miles (83 km2), an area which contained large year-round agricultural corporate farms and fruit groves, particularly of citrus (lemons, oranges, grapefruit) and date palms. Coachella became a city in 1946. During the incorporation voting process, the first city council was tentatively elected: Lester C. Cox, T. E. Reyes, John W. Westerfield, Lester True, and Paul S. Atkinson. Also elected on November 26, 1946, were City Clerk Marie L. Johnson and...
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