Susan Brownell Anthony was the pioneer and key spokesperson for the 19th century
women's suffrage movement. She was and activist, reformer, teacher, and lecturer. Anthony
was born in South Adams, Massachusetts, 15 Feb., 1820. The second of eight children, Susan
learned to read and write at age three. In 1826, when she was six years old, the family moved to
Battenville, New York. Susan attended a local district school, where a teacher refused to teach
her long division due to her gender. When her father learned this, he took Susan and her sisters
out of the district school and placed them in a group homeschool that he founded. Mary Perkins,
a teacher in the home school, offered a new and daring image of womanhood to Susan and her
sisters, undoubtedly fostering Susan's strong beliefs towards female equality and women's rights.
In 1848 Susan B. Anthony was working as a teacher in Canajoharie, New York and
became involved with the teacher’s union when she discovered that male teachers had a monthly
salary of $10.00, while the female teachers earned $2.50 a month. This inspired her to fight for
women teachers to obtain wages equivalent to those of male teachers. Eventually she would be
fired from her position. During the war she devoted herself to the women's loyal league, which
petitioned congress in favor of the 13th amendment. In 1860 she started a petition in favor of
leaving out the word " male" in the 14th amend-merit, and worked with the national woman
suffrage association to induce congress to secure to her sex the right of voting. In 1867 she went
to Kansas with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone, and there obtained 9,000 votes in favor
of woman suffrage.
Anthony’s experience with the teacher’s union, temperance and antislavery reforms, and
Quaker upbringing, laid fertile ground for a career in women’s rights reform to growSusan B.