The World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development are in a strategic alliance in India to develop replicable models of sustainable household level food security. Both agencies work closely with the national and state governments, civil society institutions and other partners in pursuit of this goal. WFP and IFAD also collaborate to support three integrated livelihood enhancement projects in Jharkhand-Chattisgarh, Orissa and Gujarat. Among their other joint activities, documentation of knowledge in the area of food security and addressing rural poverty is a major focus for the two agencies. As part of the latter initiative, WFP and IFAD teamed up with Indian Grameen Services, a leading NGO, to prepare five case studies of successful interventions in enhancing the livelihoods of the poor. The aim was to capture the processes, support structures, institutional models and specific interventions that led to sustainable livelihoods. I feel that these case studies offer valuable insights on what works in addressing livelihood issues and the lessons are relevant for a wide range of stakeholders, including policy makers, administrators, donors and civil society institutions. We at WFP are committed to contribute in our own small way to Indias goal of food security for all and a rapid elimination of poverty.
GianPietro Bordignon Representative & Country Director, UN World Food Programme
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has been actively working in India for over four decades to support national initiatives in achieving household level food security and improvement in nutritional standards of vulnerable groups, especially women and children. In partnership with the national and state governments, civil society organizations, expert bodies, researchers and Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), WFP has assisted major national programmes like Operation Flood, ICDS and food-for-work. In addition to its monetary and food resources, WFP has also contributed to the efficacy of these programmes through knowledge management and advocacy by supporting research and impact evaluation studies, training and dissemination of technical knowledge. Since 2001, WFP has partnered a sister UN agency, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), to support rural livelihood projects funded by the latter in the country. WFPs collaboration with IFAD spans hosting a Field Presence Unit in the Country Office at Delhi, besides providing food assistance to three on-going IFAD projects in Jharkhand-Chattisgarh, Gujarat and Orissa. The current volume of five case studies of successful livelihood promotion interventions is part of WFPs effort towards documentation and sharing of knowledge of local strategies and successes at achieving food security through sustainable livelihoods. The report, prepared by Indian Grameen Services, a leading national NGO, also highlights the close partnership that WFP and IFAD enjoy with civil society institutions in India The lessons emerging from these case studies are relevant not just for current and future project design of multilateral and bilateral agencies, but as much for national, state and local authorities, policy makers, NGOs, financial institutions, experts and research bodies. They form an addition to the rich body of development literature already available in India and, in its own small way, we hope this document will enhance the understanding of all those working to respond to livelihood challenges a little further. These case studies reiterate a familiar, but often ignored, message that there is no one approach to successful livelihood promotion. Despite the variety of conditions in which livelihoods are supported, there are a few core elements that must be necessarily addressed to achieve sustainable outcomes.
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