Superpower

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A simple definition of a superpower can be a country, which possesses a power

that is greater than great.

In today’s world, we notice that great powers are more numerous than in a recent

past when the world was divided between two sides.

A superpower on the other hand, is characterized by five distinct strengths/powers

that we shall analyze below.

The economic power, which is the foundation of any strong and healthy country,

will be considered as the first criteria. Among the economical great powers we can

find countries as Germany, Japan or Brazil etc... Such countries have enough cash

aside to face almost any kind of recession without being deeply troubled.

A second criterion of choice is the military power. Indeed a great power has to be

able to defend itself properly, without having to rely on foreign technology and

clearly, to be credible in todays world, this country must possess the nuclear bomb.

Among the great military powers there is France, the United-Kingdom, India

or Pakistan....

Moreover, the size and the population of a country is also a factor to be

taken in consideration for multiple reasons. The fact of having a vast country

increases the chances of discovering natural resources on or under the soil. In a

world which is energy-intensive, the fact of disposing of natural resources such as

oil, gas, gold or uranium is a non-negligible asset. It allows energetic self-

sufficiency and also creates a substantial plus-value if the country chooses to export

some of the energy.

Furthermore, the bigger the population of a country is, the more laborers

are available and; if those are guided well , it will ultimately result into more work

done.

This is a very important characteristic of a country’s strength because if the

workforce is bigger, it results also in a higher number of men in the army (increases

safety), number of tax payers for the government, consumers and more.

The size of a country is also a plus when a war occurs because it becomes more

difficult for potential enemies to put their hands on a large space; indeed we can

recall how Hitler’s Wehrmacht stayed trapped for months in the wilderness of the

gigantic Russian tundra, and finally lost a campaign that turned out to be a game

changer in WW2.

Another standard of choice is undoubtedly the diplomatic power of a State. Or how a

country can influence decisions worldwide to preserve their own interest. As of

today’s date there are five major diplomatic powers and they each own a seat at the

UN Security Council.

It allows them to use a veto right that no other nation but them five possesses.

Recently, we have noticed the emerging diplomatic power of countries such as

Brazil, Turkey or Germany but they might still wait a while before being offered a

Veto right.

Last but not least is the cultural power of a state. Or how a country can start

exporting it’s culture throughout the world. Until now, the United States of

America is the only country in the world that can claim the status of a cultural

superpower.

As we have defined what different great powers are, we can logically reach to the

conclusion that a superpower is a country that is blessed with all the characteristics

cited here above. To make it short: a superpower has great economic, military,

geographic, diplomatic and cultural power.

After the end of the cold war, the United States became the one and only

superpower in the world . Indeed, it held all the characteristics of such a power and

no other country on earth could dispute that. But for a about a decade, China has

been showing it’s ambition to become the next superpower. We will now compare

China’s characteristics to the definition here above in order to prove whether or not

the “Asian giant” will be the next superpower beside the USA....
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