SUPERNATURALISM IN HAMLET:
Ghost or supernatural plays an important role in the plays written during Renaissance or Elizabethan age. The Elizabethan age greatly believed in the super natural. The presentation of ghosts, fairies, witches, portents, omens uncommon happenings,disorders in nature was quite and common phenomenon on the Elizabethan stage. It was a traditionally recognized instrument in the dramatic art. People liked to see the supernatural elements on the stage and fully enjoyed them. Shakespeare possibly yielded to the demands of the people and gave them what they wanted. Shakespeare makes an effective use of these popular superstitions and beliefs of his time. But unlike his contemporaries, his use of the supernatural is neither simple nor pretty, nor is it external the action of he plays. According to Moulton, “Supernatural agency has a place in the world of Shakespeare.”
In “hamlet” the supernatural appears in the form of the ghost. In the first act, five hundredand fifty lines out of the eight hundred and fifty lines are concerned with the ghost. the ghost plays a pivotal role in the underlying story. One could argue that the ghost was a metaphor for the memory of Hamlet’s father, and a sign of the effects of loss and depression on Hamlet. One could also argue that the spirits of murder victims cling angrily to this world, a waiting their vengeance as a method of releasing them to the afterlife. Therefore, it may be said that if we remove it, the play falls to pieces. The ghost in Hamlet as at least a three fold dramatic significance. It contributes to the general tragic atmosphere of the play, it motivates the entire action of the play, and it shows up the character with a certain moral effect. First, in this play, Shakespeare has introduced the supernatural element in order to create atmosphere of mystery, and horror. To make the tragedy becomes more impressive The appearance of the ghost in Hamlet chills our blood with terror....
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