Summary of Ghandi the Movie

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Gandhi was a small Indian man that faced the British Empire's policies of injustice, discrimination, and colonial control without using a single punch or bullet, or in any way using violence as a weapon. The fact that he defeated the British Empire by winning Indian Independence is considered as testimony that Gandhi should be given the status of being remembered as a ‘great man’ in history. Gandhi began his work against the injustices of the British Empire when he was still a young man in South Africa. After returning to India, Gandhi had convinced himself that he must get in touch with the common people and convince them to follow him in nonviolent and non-cooperative protest against British Rule. Through marches, demonstrations, and protests, Gandhi was able to bring the attention of the world to India by displaying the atrocities of the British Empire and not reacting with violence. Although Indian Independence was Gandhi's main goal, he had a hard time accepting the idea that Hindus and Muslims did not want to live together even after India had gained independence. The road in achieving India’s Independence was a long one for Gandhi; therefore, to fully understand his struggle, it is necessary to start at the beginning Right after his studies in London, Gandhi experienced a rude awakening when he got thrown off a train, while traveling across South Africa. He had refused to give up his first class seat and move to the third class where all of the coloured people were forced to ride. Immediately after the train episode, Gandhi organized his first protest in which he burned passes that Indians were required to carry at all times in South Africa. Although his first protest was not well received, Gandhi had received enough newspaper attention that his second protest involved a larger crowd. At this second protest, which addressed new laws that set Indians apart as second class citizens that had few rights, Gandhi replied to violent threats, coming from the crowd, by stating, 'We will not strike a blow but we will receive them . . .They may torture my body, break my bones, or even kill me. Then they will have my dead body, not my obedience. Gandhi was able to lead a very effective march in South Africa, and his success caused him to return to India where he could work for an even greater cause, Indian Independence. After returning to India, Gandhi started traveling all over the country in order to get to know the people. There were a number of politicians, both Hindu and Muslim that were in favour of asking for independence. Gandhi responded to these politicians by saying that the common people make the difference, and only through uniting them will independence by granted. The belief in being one with the common people became so strong in Gandhi that he himself lived as a poor man, making his own clothes, and doing all of the things that the common man had to do. Poor villagers saw Gandhi as the man that best represented them, and they turned to him for leadership. Through nonviolent campaigns, Gandhi organized the poor and was able to win a rebate on rent, freedom for them to choose their own crops, and a commission, part Indian, to hear the grievances of the poor. Although other people had won similar victories Gandhi was unique in that his methods of protest against a tyrannical government focused on nonviolence and noncooperation. Perhaps Gandhi best described his methods in a meeting with British politicians when he said "In the end you will walk out (British will leave India) because 100,000 Englishmen simply cannot control 350 million Indians if those Indians refuse to be cooperative, and that is what we intend to achieve. Peaceful, nonviolent, noncooperation until yousee the wisdom of leaving. Not everyone believed that nonviolence could bring independence to India, and there were groups that would hit with violent attacks against the British. Gandhi reacted to these violent bursts in a distinctive manner....
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