Subhas Chandra Bose

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Subhas Chandra Bose
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Subhas Chandra Bose
Born 23 January 1897
Cuttack, Orissa
British India (present day India)
Died Unknown
Nationality Indian
Alma mater University of Calcutta
Known for Prominent Figure of Indian independence movement activism and reorganizing and leading the Indian National Army in World War II Title Head of Azad Hind
Ceremonial chief of Indian National Army
Political party Indian National Congress, Forward Bloc founded by him on 3 May 1939 Religion Hinduism
Spouse(s) Emilie Schenkl (fact of marriage is disputed)
Children Anita Bose Pfaff
Signature Signature of Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose (About this sound listen (help·info); 23 January 1897 – unknown) also known as Netaji (Bengali/Oriya/Hindi): “Respected Leader”), was one of the most prominent Indian nationalist leaders who attempted to gain India's independence from British rule by force during the waning years of World War II with the help of the Axis powers.

Bose, who had been ousted from the Indian National Congress in 1939 following differences with the more conservative high command,[1] and subsequently placed under house arrest by the British, escaped from India in early 1941.[2] He turned to the Axis powers for help in gaining India's independence by force.[3] With Japanese support, he organised the Indian National Army, composed largely of Indian soldiers of the British Indian army who had been captured in the Battle of Singapore by the Japanese. As the war turned against them the Japanese came to support a number of countries to form provisional governments in the captured regions, including those in Burma, the Philippines and Vietnam, and in addition, the Provisional Government of Azad Hind, presided by Bose.[3] Bose's effort, however, was short lived; in 1945 the British army first halted and then reversed the Japanese U Go offensive, beginning the successful part of the Burma Campaign. Bose's Indian National Army was driven down the Malay Peninsula, and surrendered with the recapture of Singapore. It was reported that Bose died soon thereafter from third degree burns received after attempting to escape in an overloaded Japanese plane which crashed in Taiwan,[4] which is disputed.[5] The trials of the INA soldiers at Red Fort, Delhi, in late 1945 caused huge public response in India.[6][7] Contents

1 Early life
2 National politics
2.1 Indian National Congress
2.2 All India Forward Bloc
3 Escape from British India to Nazi Germany & Japan
4 Leadership of Azad Hind Fauj and later events
5 Disappearance and alleged death
5.1 Bose mystery in contemporary India
5.2 Books on the mystery
6 Ideology and philosophy
6.1 Political philosophy
7 Desh Prem Divas
8 Bose's legacy
8.1 Bose's chair at Red Fort
9 Artistic depictions of Bose
10 See also
11 References
11.1 Notes
11.2 Citations
11.3 Books cited
12 Further reading
13 External links

[edit] Early life
Bose as a student in England. Circa 1920.

Subhas Chandra Bose was born in a Bengali Hindu, Kayastha family on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa, then a part of Bengal Presidency, to Janakinath Bose, an advocate and Prabhavati Devi.[8] His parents' ancestral house was at Kodalia village (near Baruipur; now known as Shubhashgram, South 24...
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