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VIETNAM NATIONAL UNIVERSITY- HO CHI MINH CITY

INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED

IN VIETNAM

Course: CRITICAL THINKING

Group: 6

Instructor: HỒ THANH PHONG

Table of Content

1. Abstract…………………………………………………………3

2. Introduction……………………………………………………..4

3. Main Part

a. Benefits of public transportation………………………5

b. Compare with private transportation…………………..15

c. Survey………………………………………………….16

d. Resolution……………………………………………...18

4. Conclusion………………………………………………………23

5. Reference………………………………………………………..24

1. Abstract

Public transportation is shared passenger transportation services which are available for use by the general public, as Vietnam government encourage using regularly. It became a popular vehicle all over the world. An aim of this report has been to determine the benefits and argument to support the opinion that encouraged public transportation in Vietnam. The component of public transportation which did analyzed important points. Result indicate that public transportation is exactly encourage in Vietnam particularly and the world generally.

The purposes of this report show benefit and advantage of the public transportation. Base on these important components, Vietnam should encourage public transportation that is definitely to improve the economics of country. The result will be revealed and discussed.

2. Introduction

Public transportation (also public transit, mass transit) is shared passenger transportation services which are available for use the general public, as distinct from modes such as Taxicab, car pooling which are not share by strangers without private arrangement.

Most public transport runs to a scheduled timetable with the most frequent services running to headway. Share taxi offers on-demand services in many parts of the world and some services will wait until the vehicle is full before it starts. Para transit is sometimes used in areas of low-demand and for people who need a door-to-door service

Public transportation has several of kind. There are: airline, bus and coach, train, Commuter, intercity, and high-speed rail, trams and light rail, metro, underground, rapid transit, personal rapid transit and ferry.

3. Main part

a. Benefits of public transportation

I. The problems of transportation in big cities of Vietnam

1. Traffic jam

Traffic congestion nowadays is not only one of the most serious national problems of the highly development countries but also all cities in the world. Vietnam is a typical example of heavy traffic jam and accidents. According to the statistics by Office of Transportation, there were 74 cases of traffic jams lasting over 30 minutes occurred in Ho Chi Minh City. Compared with 2008, there is an increase of 26 cases. On the other hand, the congestions in a short time still happened quite often and in many places, especially at peak hours. The time occurrence of traffic jams stretching from 30 minutes to 01 hours (10 cases) from 01 hours to 02 hours (34 cases) from 02 hours to 04 hours (21 cases) from 04 hours or more (09 cases). The common location of traffic jams: Hanoi highway, Saigon Bridge, 1A highway, Binh Trieu intersection, Hoang Van Thu, Dien Bien Phu, Tran Hung Dao, Ly Thuong Kiet, Vo Van Tan ... The main reason is that the number of private vehicles is rising too fast, especially two wheelers vehicles and cars. The city is managing 4,480,255 vehicles, including 408,688 cars and 4,071,567 motorcycles, mopeds. Each day, nearly 100 cars and 1,000 motorcycles, new motorcycles registered in the city. Compared with 2008,...
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