What are the steps to follow when you make a decision? You can use the word PACED to help you remember the steps. P = Step 1: Define the Problem
Why do you have to make a choice? Example:
You are moving to a new city, and you need to choose an apartment. A = Step 2: List the Alternatives
What are my possible choices? Example:
* one-bedroom apartment on Main Street
* one-bedroom apartment on Peaceful Lane
* two-bedroom apartment on Distant Place
C = Step 3: Determine the Criteria (rules for evaluating or testing options) What makes one option better than another? What are the important things to think about? Example: * rent
* public transportation
E = Step 4: Evaluate the alternatives
How well does each option meet the criteria? Example:
* How much can I afford?
* Is the street busy?
* How much crime happens in the neighborhood?
* How long will it take to get to work or school? How easy is it to get the bus from there? D = Step 5: Make the Decision
Which option is the best for me right now?
If you follow steps 1-4, you will be able to make a good decision. Here is a blank PACED decision-making grid (10KB, PDF) for you to print out. Sample PACED Decision-Making Grid
The Problem: You are moving to a new city, and you need an apartment | Criteria|
Alternatives| Rent| Noise| Safety| Public transportation| one-bedroom apartment on Main Street| $800/month| noisy – lots of traffic| some crime| on bus line - frequent service| one-bedroom apartment on Peaceful Lane| $900/month| quiet – some traffic| a little crime| bus line several blocks away – service limited| two-bedroom apartment on Distant Place| $850/month| very quiet – almost no traffic| almost no crime| no public transportation|