Applications of Adult Learning
Contributors of Adult Learning Theory
In this exercise, you will analyze the role other disciplines played in the development of Adult Learning Theory. Please save this document to your hard drive and answer directly on this template. When completed submit this document as an attachment to the appropriate drop box.
1. How has clinical psychology contributed to andragogy?
Clinical psychology had a major contribution to andragogy. Psychotherapists such as Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Erik Erickson, Abraham Maslow, and Carl Rogers provided great insight for andragogy. Clinical psychology is used primarily with adults who wish to change or relearn how to live in a particular area of their lives or a as a whole. Freud, the greatest contributor, identified that the subconscious mind plays a major influence on behavior. Jung provided the four functions of taking in experiences and succeeding at internalizing information. These four functions, His concepts laid the groundwork for balanced curriculum based on his imploration of the four functions in balance. Erickson developed the eight ages of man. Maslow developed the Hierarchy of needs and Rogers developed the five basic hypothesis. Each one of these theory’s or methods have some form of integration into andragogy (Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, 2011).
2. How has adult education contributed to andragogy?
Adult education had a significant contribution to andragogy because it allowed experiences and theories to be drawn, analyzed and witnessed in real life situations. Instructors in adult education are able to apply developed theories and get real time feedback. Scholars such as Howard McClusky, Cyril Houle, and Allen Tough took different yet similar lines of investigation. McClusky mapped out directions that a differential psychology of the adult potential. McClusky’s...