Stressor

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Chapter 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introduction
Engaging in sports and physical activities can be both fun and exciting for athletes and enthusiasts alike. One cannot disregard the fact that joining in such activities has a lot of benefits, not only for the individual’s physical but also for his emotional, mental, and spiritual well-being. However, there are some instances wherein a player does not enjoy being in the game anymore because of the stress and pressures intensified by the competition. However, players may suffer from stress during the practice and actual competition where they experience emotional, mental, and physical exhaustion as a result of excessive and prolonged stress. The individual’s productivity and energy decreases, leaving him feeling increasingly overwhelmed, cynical, and resentful and consequently making him feel that he has nothing more to give in the game explained by Smith, Jaffe-Gil, Segal, and Segal (2008). Moreover, as the stress continues, one begins to lose the interest or motivation that led him or her to take on a certain role in the first place. (Al Denn John Lozada, 2010) People use the word stress in different ways: as an external force that causes a person to become tensed or upset, as the internal state of arousal, and as the physical response of the body to various demands.

Stress is defined as “the non-specific response of the body to any demand made upon it.” In other words, the body reacts to stressor – the things that upset or excite us – in the same way, whether positive or negative, Manila Bulletin (1999). Stress can be defined as the strain or discomfort resulting from force acting on a person. This is a stimulus definition, which is derived from the physical sciences. Stress is like a force of water straining the dam holding it back. The dam could give away from a sudden storm or it could collapse from a gradual overload that causes constant and prolonged strain without any additional force. Many times, we hear about people who experience stressful events in their lives and how such incidents affect their attitudes and health. These stressful settings encompass a wide variety of events, such as work, unemployment, financial matters, family bereavement, tragedy, retirement, etc. On the other hand, there can also be a stress when one is confronted with deadlines; loss of a loved one; when news received about health is not as good as one would want it to be; or, fear that comes when one feels physically, emotionally, and mentally threatened. It is also stressful to be in a situation where one is contended or forced with a conflicting, ambiguous demands or expectations. This may happen at the -level of our inter-personal relationships with others like obligations to our family members and relatives or through a job related commitments. The same applies when one is under pressure of deadlines, too much work, and confused priorities.

The stress that we suffer or cause in others may also be due to errors in the way we think. We could make mistakes in dealing with our stressor when we fail to have an accurate grasp of the realities or circumstances. It can take the form of an all-or-nothing attitude. The tendency to think in terms of zero – some games can be highly stressful. One refuses to see the other suspects of the situation; and thus, close to him the benefits of other options. The same thing happens when one tends to have mental filters, disqualifies the positive outlook in life, jumps to conclusions that either magnifies or minimizes the problem, tendency towards emotional reassuming, use of the “should” statement, and labels people or circumstances according to stereotypes.

In addition, stress can also be chronic and episodic. The daily travails of making one’s way through the turmoil and troubles of Manila traffic, or having to deal with periodic power outages, may be chronic. Stress is a health concern that is...
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