strategies to stop global warming

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Describe the strategies that have been suggested to reduce global warming. To what extent do you think they are successful? Global warming is the rise in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation. Since the early 20th century, Earth’s mean surface temperature has increased by about 0.8 °C. It is primarily caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane produced by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. Human-induced warming of the climate is expected to continue throughout the 21st century and beyond. Global warming can cause changes that could be essentially irreversible for hundreds if not thousands of years. The effects of an increase in global temperature include a rise in sea levels, continuing retreat of glaciers and sea ice, a change in the amount and pattern of precipitation, as well a probable expansion of subtropical deserts. Other likely effects of the warming include a more frequent occurrence of extreme-weather events including heat waves, droughts, heavy rainfall, ocean acidification and species extinctions due to shifting temperature regimes. With the rising problems caused by global warming, actions have been taken over the years to reduce and mitigate global warming. Firstly, the Kyoto Protocol treaty was negotiated in December 1997 at the city of Kyoto, Japan and came into force on February 16th, 2005. It is initiated by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which is an international treaty that sets binding obligations on industrialised countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The UNFCCC is an environmental treaty with the goal of preventing “dangerous” anthropogenic (i.e., human-induced) interference on the climate system. The Kyoto Protocol is a legally binding agreement under which industrialized countries (192 countries) will reduce their collective...
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