Steroids and professional athletes
In scientific terms “Steroids are a group of naturally occurring or synthetic fat-soluble organic compounds, whose structure is chemically based on steroid nucleus, the nucleus is a hydrogenated cycloplentanoperhydrophenanthrene ring system which is seventeen carbon atoms arranged in four rings” (types of steroids, Androgenic, Cortico, Anabolic-Side effects of steroids). In layman’s terms “Steroids are a class of chemical substances that all share the same chemical skeleton” (steroids). “Many hormones, body constituents and drugs are steroids. Synthetic chemical analogues of many of the naturally occurring steroids are vital in medicine. Both natural and synthetic steroids are used to treat many disorders and play a vital role in the normal functioning of the body (types of steroids, Androgenic, Cortico, Anabolic-Side effects of steroids)”. Synthetic steroids are prescribed by doctors to people whose body does not produce enough testosterone (steroids). Anabolic steroids are more commonly known as the synthetic steroids.
There are three different types of steroids. One type of steroids is anabolic steroids. Anabolic steroids are “synthetic hormones that promote the retention of protein and the growth of tissue (Steroids, 2009)”. Anabolic steroids are chemically derived from testosterone (types of steroids, Androgenic, Cortico, Anabolic-Side effects of steroids). Anabolic steroids are prescribed to people who do not produce enough testosterone to treat some conditions as delayed puberty or impotence. Another type of steroids is corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are “powerful drugs that can quickly reduce inflammation and pain” (Corticosteriods- Dosage- Side effects- Interactions- Warnings). Corticosteroids are used for arthritis patients rather than body builders and athletes (Corticosteriods- Dosage- Side effects- Interactions- Warnings). Another type of steroid is androgenic steroids. Androgenic steroids are anabolic steroids that affect the sex characteristics of a person. Androgenic steroids are used for gaining weight, strength, power, speed, endurance, and aggressiveness for athletes (ANABOLIC-ANDROGENIC STEROIDS: Mechanism of Action and Effects on Performance).
Steroids can be used in many ways. Most of the popular anabolic steroids are swallowed in pill form. Others use the injections or a combination of the pills and the injections (Stephen C. Wood, 1994). When people take the injection form of steroids they have to try and inject it directly to the muscle and not the veins (how can steroids be taken). Also when you use the injection form of steroids you want to inject where there is the most muscle fibers such as the buttocks, the side of the thigh, and the deltoid region of the arm which is the upper part of the shoulder (how can steroids be taken). Anabolic steroids can also be taken by transdermal patches (how can steroids be taken). The trandermal patches are used to receive continuous dosages through the skin and into the blood stream (how can steroids be taken). People can take legally to “stimulate protein anabolism in debilitating illness and in acute renal failure, promoting growth in children with pituitary dwarfism and other growth disorders, the retention of nitrogen and calcium may benefit patients with osteoporosis and patients receiving corticosteroid therapy, may stimulate bone marrow function in hypoplastic anaemia” (types of steroids, Androgenic, Cortico, Anabolic-Side effects of steroids).
When people take steroids they don’t consider the physical effects on the body the steroids will cause. Some of the physical affects in the hormonal system in men are infertility, breast development and shrinking of the testicles. Some physical affects in the hormonal system in women are enlargement of the clitoris which is the “female sexual organ” and an excessive growth of body hair. The physical affects in the hormonal system in both female...
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