Stemcell Research

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Running head: ADVANTAGES OF STEM CELL RESEARCH

Abstract
Every day millions of Americans across the country suffer from ailments ranging from diabetes to spinal cord injuries. However, new scientific advancements in the field of stem cell research may one day end their pain and suffering. Therefore, it is essential for Americans to support stem cell research. Unfortunately, the research has become the center of a controversy in recent years. Opponents of the research argue against the destruction of a human embryo. Proponents of the research support it because of the promise that the tiny cells show. Scientists have already coaxed the cells into forming several different tissues and even entire organisms and with continued research they may one day be able to cure a myriad of diseases.

Outline
Thesis: Stem cells offer hope for sufferers of a myriad of ailments. Therefore, it is essential for Americans to support stem cell research.

I. Introduction

A. Interest catcher
B. Thesis statement
C. Preview main points
1. what is stem cell research
2. disadvantages of embryonic stem cell research
3. advantages of embryonic stem cell research

II. What is Stem Cell Research

D. Definition
E. History
F. Types of stem cells
4. embryonic stem cells
5. adult stem cells

III. Disadvantages of Embryonic Stem Cell Research

G. Destruction of the embryo
H. Scientific problems
I. Alternatives to embryonic stem cell research

IV. Advantages of Embryonic Stem Cell Research

J. Stem cell bills
K. Popular support
L. Wasted stem cells
M. Organ donors
N. Scientist are leaving the United States
O. Problems with adult stem cells
P. Possible cures and progress

V. Conclusion

Q. Restate thesis
R. Review main points
6. what is stem cell research
7. disadvantages of embryonic stem cell research
8. advantages of embryonic stem cell research
S. Final thoughts

Advantages of Stem Cell Research
In the early days after he crashed to earth, Superman pondered suicide. Paralyzed from the neck down, Christopher Reeve felt a terrible guilt over the burden he had become for his family. The tall, handsome movie star would never walk again but he would soar like never before. From his wheelchair, he advocated for spinal cord research, raising about $40 million. He gave hope to countless victims like him. The source of their hope was the possibility that one day cures discovered through embryonic stem cell research would someday allow them to walk again (Johnson, October, 25, 2004). In recent years, stem cell research has drastically divided the American people. Stem cells offer hope for sufferers of a myriad of ailments. Therefore, it is essential for Americans to support stem cell research. To better develop an understanding of why everyone should support the research, they must first understand what stem cell research is, the drawbacks of the research, and the advantages that the stem cells offer.

First, to understand the advantages of the research, Americans need to know what stem cell research is. The term stem cell refers to cells that have the ability to divide for indefinite periods of time and form specialized cells (National Institute of Health, 2003). Biologists first hypothesized in the 1960s that “master cells” in embryos could create different types of tissues when they noticed that cancerous cells in mice could form several different types of tissues. In 1981, researchers in England and the United States developed a way to derive stem cells from embryos of mice. After allowing the cells to develop in a laboratory culture, the cells formed certain tissues. Twelve years later, scientists at the University of Toronto announced that they were able to grow an entire...
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