Done by: Anand. B (AUS-233)
International statistics of cardiovascular diseases.
According to WHO estimates, 17 million people around the globe die of CVD each year. In 1998 there were 7.3 million deaths from heart attack and 5.1 million from stroke. Another 15 million each year survive minor strokes. 600 million people with high blood pressure are at risk of heart attack, stroke and cardiac failure.
CVD causes 8.5 million deaths among women annually. It’s the largest single cause of mortality among women, accounting for one-third of all deaths in women worldwide. In developing countries, half of all deaths of women over 50 are due to heart disease and stroke.
From the latest data of World Health Organization (WHO) MONICA Project indicate that the coronary event rate (per 100,000) in men was highest in Finland (North Karelia, 835) and lowest in China (Beijing, 81). For women the highest event rate was in the United Kingdom (UK) (Glasgow, Scotland, 265) and lowest in Spain (Catalonia, 35) and China (Beijing, 35). These data represent results from 35 MONICA Project populations collected during the mid-1980s until the mid-1990s.
In 1999 CVD contributed to one-third of global deaths. Low- and middle-income countries contributed to 78 percent of CVD deaths. By 2010 CVD is estimated to be the leading cause of death in developing countries. Heart disease has no geographic, gender or socioeconomic boundaries.
CVD is the leading cause of death in Europe, accounting for over 4 million deaths each year. Nearly half (49 percent) of all deaths are from CVD (55 percent of deaths in women and 43 percent of deaths in men). About half of all deaths from CVD are from CHD and nearly one-third are from stroke.
CVD accounted for more than 238,000 deaths in the UK in 2002. 39 percent of deaths in the UK are from CVD. 35 percent of premature deaths in men and 27 percent in women are from CVD.
Every 7 minutes, a Canadian dies of heart disease and stroke. CVD accounts for more deaths than any other disease. 2000CVD mortality: 76,426; 34 percent of male deaths and 36 percent of female deaths. CVD costs the Canadian economy about $18.4 billion annually.
Women will continue to experience disproportionately high mortality from CVD. By 2040, women in the study countries (Russia, Brazil, India, China, South Africa) will represent a higher proportion of CVD deaths than men. In 2040, women in China are projected to be 49.5% of the population, but even if death rates no higher than now apply then, they will represent 54.6% of CVD deaths. In Brazil and China, the growth of CVD deaths among working aged women between 2000 and 2040 will be higher than for men.
Compared to 2000, the number of years of productive life lost to CVD will have increased in 2030 by only 20% in the U.S. and by 30% in Portugal. For Brazil the figure is 64%, for China 57% and for India 95%. The increase in South Africa is 28%, greater than that for the U.S. and comparable to Portugal. Only in Russia does the number of years lost lag, largely because death rates are already at such high levels and the size of the population at risk is falling.
CORONARY HEART DISEASE (CHD), ANGINA PECTORIS AND HEART FAILURE.
Total prevalence of heart failure (definite and probable) in the UK is estimated at 892,000 in people age 45 and over (489,000 men and 403,000 women).
According to the WHO, in 2002 there were 7.22 million deaths from coronary heart disease globally.
In both developed and developing countries, 40 to 75 percent of all heart attack victims die before reaching the hospital.
CHD alone is the most common cause of death in Europe, accounting for nearly 2 million deaths each year. More than 1 in 5 deaths of women (22 percent) and men (21 percent) are from CHD.
The CHD death rate for men ages 35-74 fell by 39...