Standards of Practice, Laws and Rules
The purpose of this paper is to identify the legal aspects of nursing, in laid in accordance to the scope of practice, and the standards of care registered nurses (RN) are held accountable for. I will attempt to give a prospective of the American Nurses Association (ANA), scopes and standards of practice and Michigan Nursing Associations (MNA), as it relates, the relevant laws to individual practice in the state of Michigan and to analyze my practice in accordance with these laws. The American Nursing Association (ANA), describes the practice of nursing as being the; “Who, What, Where, When and How of nursing practice”, (ANA 2004 p. 99). These words describe the function of standards of care that we as practitioners are accountable for. According to the ANA, “Has assumed the responsibility for developing generic standards that apply to all professional nurses”, (ANA, 2004 p.99). These standards serve as guidelines in which our competency can be measured. The six standards of practice, describe a competent level of nursing care known as the nursing process, the components of the nursing process is as follows; assessment, diagnosis, outcomes identification, planning, implementation, and evaluation.
Michigan is the state where I am licensed to practice. It is a unique state by which since 1978, the Nurse Practice Act was replaced with the Public Health Code (PA 368). PA 368 consolidates regulations for all areas of health, (dentistry, optometry, nursing, pharmacy etc…), Part 172 deals specifically with nursing and it states; “Practice of nursing means the systemic application of substantial specialized knowledge and skills derived from the biological, physical and behavioral sciences, to the care, treatment, council, and health teaching of individuals who are experiencing changes in the normal health process or who require assistance in the...