Speech on Space Exploration

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INTRODUCTION
Space exploration is the investigation of physical conditions in space and on stars, planets, and their moons through the use of artificial satellites (spacecraft that orbit the earth), space probes (spacecraft that pass through the solar system and that may or may not orbit another celestial body), and spacecraft with human crews.( http://education.yahoo.com/reference/encyclopedia/entry?id=44593)

As a senior officer with Malaysia National Space Agency (MNSA), I was invited by the English Club of Sekolah Menengah Kota Bharu, Kota Bharu, Kelantan to be one of three speakers to speak on the topic, ‘Should Malaysia join in the race for space exploration?’. Guest speakers were given approximately 30 minutes each to deliver their speech.

PROFILING OCCASSION
The objectives of the speech are:
i)To convey the information about space exploration to the students - what space exploration is all about, what good can it bring, what are the disadvantages and what can they do to be part of it. ii)With this talk, it is hoped that students will feel, think and respond positively towards space exploration and why it is necessary to the human race to spread their horizon into the outer space. iii)To inculcate and to nurture the interest of the future generations to think what is beyond the universe, which might inspire them to learn more about science and pursuing a career in science iv)To create awareness among students, how Malaysia fare in space technologies, what are the government initiatives to see it grow and how realistic it is that a Malaysian, stand a chance to be an astronaut.

PROFILING AUDIENCE
Our target audience is The English Club of a secondary school, Sekolah Menengah Kota Bharu, Kota Bharu, Kelantan. There will be approximately 100 students, 70%t of them are Malay, with 20% Chinese and 10% Indian. 70 percent of them are girls. Averagely, their level of English proficiency is good, with more than half of them scored A in written English, but 80% of them scored B in the oral, in their last Mid Term Examination.

60 percent of their parents are working class people. 30% are self employed or self made businessman and the rest are professionals, such as lawyers, CEOs, doctors and architects.

With these backgrounds, we assume that the use of English language should not be too complicated nor it too poor. It should be straightforward without compromising the professionalism.

Their exposure to the subject is very good as they all have access to television, newspapers and internet. 70 percent of them are from Science Stream, 20 from Commerce and the rest are Art Stream.

PROFILING LOCATION
Sekolah Menengah Kota Bharu is one of the renown school in Kelantan. It is situated on the edge of Kota Bharu, the capital of Kelantan and it is only about a few kilometres from my hotel where I stay for these few days. I do not foresee any worries about traffic congestion or any problem to reach there on time.

The speech presentation will take place in the school hall, on a stage equipped with good Audio Visual equipments and LCD projector. The small hall has a capacity of 800 persons and air-conditioned, which is comfortable for a lengthy talk. We will be joined by 3 English and 2 Science teachers, as the observers. In view of the fact that their expectations are very high, the formal attire is very highly appropriate. There will also be a photographer – a student from the school media club, which from our understanding, this event will feature in their year book.

SPEECH TEXT
My dear students,
What is space?
According to Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, space is defined as ‘the empty area outside the Earth’s atmosphere, where the planet and the stars are’. In space, no one can hear you scream. Why? This is because there is no air in space – it is a vacuum. Sound waves cannot travel through a vacuum. Outer space begins about 200 km above the Earth, where the shell of air...
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