Some Problems in Vietnamese Education System

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The most serious problems with the Vietnamese education system and how it can be improved

By Tran Thi Ha Phuong, B.Bus3 – ISB University
2011

Education plays an important role with each country, especially with the economic development, which is the same in Vietnam. After two wars of aggression, the Vietnamese economy was affected seriously so the Provisional Government of Vietnam identified that at this time, the development of education is the first priority. In a country, if the rate of educated person is high, it means the indicators of economic development will also go up. The high quality workforce who is better skilled and trained in an accurate education will be a motivation for future growth. According the statistic data of Vietnam in recent years, the economy has had a remarkable performance. GDP growth increased 8.5% in 2006, 8.2% in 2007 and 8.5% in 2009.  Growth in 2010 is projected at 6.5 percent according to the same source ( from The education in Vietnam, Christopher Runckel, www.Business-in-Asia.com). Education has the meaning with not only the development of economy but also the Vietnamese culture and society. It is seen as a progressive way and contributes to social reforms. Therefore, the government of Vietnam has set the priority of education in terms of its budget. Many recent years, education occupies approximately 20% of all state budget expenditures and accounts for 5.5% of GDP (source: Department of Finance and Planning, MOET, 2008). However, now, the Vietnamese education system has several serious problems that can make bad effects not only at present but even in the future, if the government don’t care and find the accurate solutions to improve in time. At this time, the journals and the channels of information usually mention to three problems which is considerate the most prominent than the others are the degradation of quality in the education and training, the corruption and the violence in school. These problems are puzzling the Vietnamese educate managers who making attempt to improve the current situation. The first problem is degradation of quality in the education and training which is most dangerous because it can affect badly the quality of human resources. The degradation derives from many reasons such as the shortage of school material, the curriculum more theory than practice, a lecturer-centered method of teaching and learning … Beginning with the education for children in the nursery and the primary school, under the regulations promulgated by The Ministry of Education and Training (MOET), there must not be more than 35 students in every class which must be taken care by two teachers. In general, each nursery class always has the number of pupils over the limit even there are classes that have 50-70 pupils, especially in big cities such as Ha Noi, Ho Chi Minh. With this situation, many nursery teachers expressed that they had to work hard and get stressful and strenuous because of the overloading classes. They were always worried about accidents which may happen to the kids, especially at lunch time or break time (from: Nursery school getting more and more overloaded, Tien Phong, www.sunflowermission.org). Obviously, this situation must be eliminated as soon as possible. Dang Huynh Mai, Vice President of Vietnam Association for Protection of Children’s Rights said that it can be seen the existence of the classes that have the numbers of students exceeding the limits as an action that violates the children’s rights and the kids need to enjoy a better care and learning environment. Besides, the current curriculum is not appropriate though it has been reform several times before. Many parents who have their kids in the primary school complained that because of the heavy curriculum, they had to hire tutors to give extra lessons to their children. (from: Heavy primary education curricula make parents worried sick, www.sunflowermission.org). The education and training in...
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