Solution Focussed Therapy in Social Work

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In the 1980’s Insoo Berg and Steve de Shazer developed steps into the practice of solution focused therapy in Milwaukee, USA. Solution focused therapy is a practice framework for social workers and other therapists. Solution focused therapy is a framework that primarily focuses on solution development. Other Frameworks lead therapy to focus on the past history of the problem that the client brings to therapy, and ending their sessions with a solution to the problem, or when the problem in no longer an issue for them. The therapist’s role is to lead the client to behavioral change and to assist in an effective and efficient way. Solution focused therapist believe that the client is the expert in their own life and are capable to solve their problem by ulitising the resources that the client has access to. Solution focused Therapy is often brief, and may be treated in as little as one session. The success of this therapy is calculated by the evidence of change. (Seligman P413) This paper’s discussion will focus on two core ideas of Solution Focused therapy, including the scaling questions technique and miracle question technique. This paper demonstrates the use of these two techniques as used in my practice as a therapist. This discussion will be followed by a brief exploration of the limitations to this framework.

To provide a brief explanation of the solution focused framework, it can be summarized as the focus is directed towards what is suitable and workable for the client; that all problems can be explored and transformed onto solutions and how small changes have the ripple effect onto larger changes. Solution focused Therapy recognizes that the client has the ability to resolve their challenging situation through their identified strengths and how they are initiated; and, the therapist views the clients’ goals in a positive manner. Damien is 17 year of age; he is an involuntary juvenile Justice client and has been referred for counseling. He has been to referred to the Youth drug and alcohol court program to address his offending behviours and addiction to alcohol, instead of a long-term period of incarceration. He presents in a session as frustrated, and begins to justify his criminal behaviors by blaming his alcohol addiction. He then begins to blame his alcohol addiction on his disruptive and traumatic upbringing, explaining that when is under the influence of alcohol he is able to switch off his constant negative thoughts about his drug addicted and very chaotic parents, and also avoid his feelings of hopelessness Damien was taken into car of the minister when he was 6 years old after Family and Community Services intervened when Damien’s parents spent majority of their time too drug affected to look after Damien. He moved around a lot as a result of being on numerous foster homes, he was explosed to further abuse in some of his placements when he was witness to domestic violence, and was a victim of physical and emotional abuse. Damien came into contact with the criminal justice system when he was 13 years old when he ran away from his carer’s home and began associating with older peers who lived on the streets with him and took him in. He reported that they helped him get in touch with his parents again and he was grateful to them, in return he felt that he had to continue to engage in criminal activities to show his loyalty to them. His mother is in jail and his father was has been on the methadone program for 10 years now. Damien expressed his need to quit alcohol in order to cease his offending behaviors, and, he acknowledges the difficulties he may be faced with including his fear with having to deal with his emotions about the hardships from his childhood. He also informed he will have to deal with the guilt he feels for his vicitims of crime. Firstly, it is important and relevant to acknowledge that Damien is not a voluntary client, and exploring what he wants to get out of the program is...
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