By: Ashley Phillips
Tutor: Mrs Mascoll
“Robbing the infant to feed the mother”. Is this a fair assessment of Colonialism?
Meaning of Colonialism;
Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another dominion. It is a process whereby the Metropolis (the mother city or parent state of a colony.) claims sovereignty over the colony, and the social structure, government, and economics of the colony are changed by colonizers from the Metropolis. Colonialism is a set of unequal relationships between the Mother Country and the colony and between the colonists and the indigenous population. Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon. World history is full of examples of one society gradually expanding by incorporating adjacent territory and settling its people on newly conquered territory. To name just a few of the most famous examples; the ancient Greeks set up colonies, as did the Romans, the Moors, and the Ottomans. Colonialism, then, is not restricted to a specific time or place. Nevertheless, in the sixteenth century, colonialism changed decisively because of technological developments in navigation that began to connect more remote parts of the world. Fast sailing ships made it possible to reach distant ports and to sustain close ties between the centre and colonies. Thus, the modern European colonial project emerged when it became possible to move large numbers of people across the ocean and to maintain political sovereignty in spite of geographical dispersion. This entry uses the term colonialism to describe the process of European settlement and political control over the rest of the world, including the Americas, Australia, and parts of Africa and Asia. Colonial governments shared certain attributes.
1. Colonial political systems were un-democratic...