A system is basically a concept whether physical or social. The idea of a system is fundamental with environment. The notion of a social system is a general one can be applied to social organization that are carefully and deliberately planned. As a social system school is characterized by an interdependent structure of parts, a clearly defined population, differentiated from its environment, a complex network of social relationships and its own unique culture. As a result school itself is a social system. Social system is a model of organization that possesses a distinctive total unity beyond its component parts. It is distinguished from its environment by dearly defined boundary. It is composed of sub-units, elements and sub-systems that are interrelated within relatively stable patterns of social order. This can be stated graphically as follows: Boundaries:
Every social system has proper boundary in the same manner the school building has also bounded to separate from the environment. The schools building, as the unit of analysis, coincide with the larger schooling system. It is important to define carefully the boundaries and the unit of analysis. Environment:
Outside boundaries there exists another unit of analysis i.e. environment which (i) Affects the attributes of the internal component.
(ii) It is changed by the social system itself.
Educational policies, administrators, other schools and the community arc some elements of constituting environment. Homeostasis:
It is a process in which a group of regulators act to maintain a steady state among the system components. A biological analogy illustrates the concept when an organism moves from a warm environment to a cold one, homeostatic mechanism trigger reaction to maintain body temperature. Feedback Loop:
In a social system the triggering mechanism is the feedback loop. This ensures that a portion of the school's behaviour and the internal and...