Sociological Theories and Religion

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Sociological theories and religion

SOC/101

Kathleen Marker

July 9, 2012

Sociological theories and religion

Many question religion and the effect it could have over a person or a group. Religion is a very powerful and influential force in human society. Some think that religion is just someone’s imagination or something fictional. Religion plays a major part in the way people and their families operate. What religious background a person is taught or has experienced the most could have an avid affect on the way he/she acts in their community. Each religion has a meaning and people seek to live out the meaning of their particular religion. Where a person lives affect their views on religion. Sociological theorists such as Emile Durkheim, the founder of functionalism, Karl Marx, the founder of conflict theory, and George H. Mead, the founder of symbolic interactionism all had different and some of the same thoughts on the effects religion had on each of these sociological theories. Because there are so many different religions in the world today people should not be looked upon differently or be made to change their religion because of the way society views it. Each theorist who studied the religion sociological institution came up with various reasons why they thought that the way people viewed religion needed to be changed. The founder of functionalist Durkheim stated that people viewed their religion as sacred and argued that religion never concerns only belief, but also encompasses regular rituals and ceremonies on the part of a group of believers, who then develop and strengthen a sense of group solidarity. The conflict theorist Marx, never really studied the conflict theory when it came to religion he just used another theorist views that many people cannot understand how society works to gather their own view of the norms and values. Mead the founder of symbolic interactionism found...
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