Critical Writing #2
Social Work in the Schools
Have you every known a child that was really hurt by something that happened in school? Well did you know that thee are social workers involved within most school? In 1906, school social work services began in New Your City, Boston, and Hartford. About eight years later in 1913, Rochester, New Your, was the first school system to finance school social work services. During the 1920’s the emphasis on community liaison and change shifted towards the concentration of adjustment of the individual child.
During the great depression, many different social workers lost their jobs due to the terrible economy. Many other jobs were also lost. In the 1960’s there were many social protest movements. Along with those protest movements, there was a shift in emphasis of changing the schools environment to help better the needs of diverse students. During the 1970’s the term visiting teacher turned into the term social worker.
Through out the 1960-1970’s the need for social workers expanded. The legislation provided a variety of new employment setting. The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 created Head Start Programs which employed social workers full or part time. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act was started as The Education for All Children Act. In the mid-1970’s, the National Association of Social Workers was formed and they developed standards for school social work.
Social work in the schools, can deal with working with the individuals, family work, group work, working with organizations and communities, teamwork and school-linked, integrated services. With working with the individuals, social workers handle things different today then they used to. Now days, they consult with the teacher on the needs of the child, share with teachers the cultural factors in the educational process, inform the staff about important community resources and consult with the teachers about classroom...