1. The Social Gospel and settlement house movements in the late 1800s aimed to help the poor through community centers, churches and social services.
2. The Young Man’s Christian Association (YMCA) opened libraries, sponsored classes and built handball courts as well as swimming pools.
3. The Salvation Army fed the less fortunate in soup kitchens, cared for children in nurseries, and set “slum brigades” to instruct poor immigrants in middle-class values of hard work and temperance.
Promoting Moral Improvement
1. Prohibitionists groups (people who believed in the banning of alcoholic beverages) feared that alcohol was undermining American morals.
2. The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), founded in Cleveland in 1874 lead the crusade for prohibition. Members advanced their cause by entering saloons, praying, singing and urging saloon keepers to stop selling alcohol.
3. Tension arose between immigrants and people making an effort towards prohibition. As members of pro-prohibition groups tried to shut down saloons, immigrants had customs involving alcoholic beverages and relied on saloons for cashing paychecks and serving meals
Creating Economic Reform
1. As a result of some Americans questioning the capitalist economic system they decided to embrace socialism, workers in particular.
2. Eugene V. Debs, a labor leader, helped organize the American socialist party in 1901.
3. Muckracker wrote about corruption in businesses.
1. Leaders put their faith in experts and scientific principles.
1. Teddy Roosevelt was born to a wealthy family in New York City. (1858)
2. After terms in New York state assembly he because NYC police commissioner then Sec. of U.S. Navy.
The Modern Presidency
1. Roosevelt became the youngest president ever at 42 years old.
2. When big businesses...