Social Injustice

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Rachel Jones
Prof. Smiley

Although certain citizens of the United States must abide by the laws, pay taxes, and serve in the armed forces, the rewards that go along with these duties and responsibilities are often not forthcoming. In other words, there is an inequlity between duties, responsibilities and privileges. Social injustice is a concept relating to the unfairness or injustice of a society in its divisions of rewards and responsibilities. It arises when the distribution of advntages and disadvantages are not equal. An example of this was the segregated South. Three of these examples from the past are segregated bussing, restaurant sit-ins, and voter registration.

Segregated bussing was a big part of social injustice in the South. Blacks were alowed to ride with the whites, but were made to sit in the back of the bus and surrender their seat if there were no other ones. A woman by the name of Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat and was taken to jail. News of this spread, and the Montgomery bus boycott was planned. The black community decided to walk, get cabs, or carpool instead of riding the cities buses. The Mayor struck back by raising cab fair, making carpooling illegal, and arresting the leaders of the boycott. The black community still did not ride the buses. This lasted for 381 days. Because it affected the cities economy, the local officials were forced to integrate the buses allowing blacks to sit wherever they chose. Each person had a responsibility to pay the fair when they boarded the bus, but only whites had the freedom to sit wherever they chose.

The fifteenth amendment of the constitution gave black people the right to vote, but in the segregated South, this priviledge was often denied. A way to keep blacks from voting was the "Grandfather Clause". It was passed by a number of southern states and stated that if your grandfather was a citizen and alowed to vote, you had the right to do so also. It excluded blacks...
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