Geography Essay—Social Ecology
Social ecology is the conceptual principles for knowing the outcomes and relations of the diverse individual and environmental factors. Social ecology can be defined as the study of individuals within an environment, which have an impact on one another. It is believed to be the earth’s societies reflection upon itself, exploring, discovering, and considering its future (Gutkind, 1974). Factors of social ecology may include the infirmities of age, an increase of population, natural disasters, technology and the development of society. Within social ecology, it is essential to distinguish which people are unable to see the environmental crisis. This movement is placing all responsibility for destroying the world on humans as it is becoming overpopulated. There is no possible way of convincing all humans to change their way of life (Bookchin, 1995). However, rather have humans recognize and remove previous forms of power and destruction (Bookchin, 1995). The main standard of social ecology is the fact that problems arise from fundamental social issues (Dogan, Rokkan, 1974). These problems cannot be understood without acknowledging the social issues. The development, of certain technologies, social characteristics, cities and science all has caused a vast majority of problems to the earth, which leads back to humans.
1. What does your particular philosophy deem to be the primary cause of our current environmental woes? Social ecology observes humans as the main cause of the destroyed earth, by overpopulation. The earth is made up of numerous people with different races and religions. It is because of the destructive habits men and women have created which have led to a polluted earth (Carlson, Felton, 2001). Murray Bookchin is the main contributor to the social ecology movement. Bookchin (1995) preaches that he feels human beings are aliens which have no place in a natural evolution and sees them as somewhat of an infestation that parasitize a highly anthropomorphic form of the planet. (Bookchin, 1995). Social ecology claims that the environmental crisis has resulted based on organizational power and structures within the society (Bookchin, 1995). Over Population, technology and pollution have all brought a negative aspect to the environment. With the number of humans increasing on earth, the number of problems within the environment is also intensifying. The harmful outcome that the human race has on the environment is speculative and problematic (Carlson, Felton, 2001). Mankind is the main reason for pollution in the environment, and global warming (Vitousek, 1994). The main way humans cause global warming is by burning fossil fuels into the environment. This then increases the amount of carbon in the atmosphere, which can lead to a rise in the Greenhouse Effect (Campbel-Lendrum, et al. 2005). Pollution problems are in the air, water and soil; a great part of the only fresh water available on earth is being affected with toxic chemicals (Egil et al, 2010). With human’s constantly burning oil, coal and gas, it has increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the air (Becker et al, 2010). The slightest increase of carbon dioxide does increase the overall temperature of the earth, which has been known to be the “enhanced greenhouse effect”. It is apparent that we now live in a competitive society, which is only interested in finding new regions of commercial exaggeration. The overall damage done by society is entirely matched by the destruction imposed on the civilization (Socolow, 1994). Social ecology highlights that the fate of the human life “goes together with the destiny of the non-human world” (Bookchin, 1995).
2. How does your particular philosophy propose to eradicate these woes? Social ecology cannot force humans to change, they must differentiate from what is right and what is wrong to make a change. Men and women have to remove any previous way of life to make to...
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