* 1979 Motorola developed first single chip Microcontroller for French Banking * 1982 World's first major IC card testing
* 1992 Nationwide prepaid card project started in Denmark * 1999 Federal Government began a Federal employee smart card identification
Smart Card or Chip card technology is fast becoming commonplace in our culture and daily lives. We hope that this site will bring you a little closer in your understanding of this exciting technology and the benefits it can bring to your applications. If you have specific questions regarding a specific technology discussed below feel free to send us an email and the appropriate site sponsor will respond. A smart card, a type of chip card, is a plastic card embedded with a computer chip that stores and transacts data between users. This data is associated with either value or information or both and is stored and processed within the card’s chip, either a memory or microprocessor. The card data is transacted via a reader that is part of a computing system. Smart card-enhanced systems are in use today throughout several key applications, including healthcare, banking, entertainment and transportation. To various degrees, all applications can benefit from the added features and security that smart cards provide. According to Euro smart, worldwide smart card shipments will grow 10% in 2010 to 5.455 billion cards. Markets that have been traditionally served by other machine readable card technologies such as bar-code and magnetic stripe are converting as the calculated return on investment is revisited by the each card issuer year after year. First introduced in Europe nearly three decades ago, smart cards debuted as a stored value tool for pay phones to reduce theft.
In the U.S., consumers have been using chip cards for everything from visiting libraries to buying groceries to attending movies, firmly integrating them into our everyday lives. Several U.S. states have chip card programs in progress for government applications ranging from the Department of Motor Vehicles to Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT). Many industries have implemented the power of smart cards into their products such as GSM digital cellular phones to TV-satellite decoders. Chapter-2
Why Smart Card?
2.0 Why Smart Cards:
Smart cards greatly the convenience and security of any transaction. They provide tamper-proof storage of user and account identity. Smart card systems have proven to be more reliable than other machine-readable cards, such as magnetic-stripe and bar-code, with many studies showing card read life and reader life improvements demonstrating much lower cost of system maintenance. Smart cards also provide vital components of system security for the exchange of data throughout virtually any type of network. They protect against a full range of security threats, from careless storage of user passwords to sophisticated system hacks. The costs to manage password resets for an organization or enterprise are very high, thus making smart cards a cost-effective solution in these environments. Multifunction cards can also serve as network system access and store value and other data. Worldwide, people are now using smart cards for a wide variety of daily tasks. These include: 2.1 SIM Cards and Telecommunication:
The largest use application of smart card technology is in Subscriber Identity Modules (SIM) as required by the standard for all Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) phone systems; each phone utilizes the unique identity as presented in the SIM to manage the rights and privileges on that network and all other networks that are tied by agreement to roam. This use case represents over half of all smart cards consumed each year. The Universal Subscriber Identification Modules (USIM) is also being used to bridge the identity gap as phones transition between a GSM and a UTMS or 3G network...