Larson, Kate Clifford. Harriet Tubman. Bound for the Promised Land. 2005. Net, New York History. The Life of Harriet Tubman. 1996. www.nyhistory.com/harriettubman/life.htm (accessed November 26, 2011).
Harriet Tubman was born into slavery on a plantation in Dorchester, Maryland. Tubman is one of the most well-known and bravest African-American women in history. She gained international acclaim as an Underground Railroad operator, an abolitionist and a Civil War spy. After escaping from enslavement, Harriet Tubman dedicated herself to fighting for equality and freedom, earning her the biblical name "Moses".
Harriet Tubman, originally named Armanita Ross, was born in early 1822 on a plantation in Maryland owned by Anthony Thompson. She was the fifth of nine children of Harriet "Rit" Green and Benjamin Ross, both who were slaves. Tubman began working as a house slave at the age of five, then at the age of twelve, she moved out into the fields to work. Edward Brodess, the stepson of Anthony Thompson, claimed ownership of Tubman’s mother and her children. Ben Ross (Harriet’s father), was the slave of Anthony Thompson and was a timber inspector who supervised a timbering operation on Thompson’s plantation. Unfortunately, the Ross’s stable family life on the Thompson’s plantation came to an end when Edward Brodess took “Rit” and her children to work on his farm. Brodess would hire Tubman out to other masters, while selling other members of her family to out of state buyers, tearing her family apart.
While working as a field hand at a young age, she was almost killed by a blow to her head from an iron weight that was thrown by an angry overseer of the field. The injury from the weight left her suffering from headaches and seizures that plagued her for the rest of her life. In the late 1830s, Tubman worked for a merchant and shipbuilder named John T. Stewart, which would bring her...