Slavery Across Kingdoms

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From Slavery to Captivity
& The Cultural Difference.

Aaron McCaffity

African American History

Dr. Ozomeyo

April 25,2012
Slavery has existed throughout many cultures in various forms during history. Slavery is the system of capturing individuals against their will or voluntarily and treating such as property by selling or purchasing to the same time as agriculture because agriculture relied on the domestication of the animal species to transport material. Before agriculture, there was a hunter-gatherer system. A system in which to eat you must kill. The life-style and economic activities of hunter-gathers rendered anyone from being capable of maintaining and controlling substantial numbers of slaves while still being able to properly maintain. From the Stone Age down into the Middle Ages, the color of your skin was not what made you a slave. Most slaves in Europe and West Asia were white, and most black people were free (most white people were free too, and some black people were slaves). People became slaves in a lot of different ways. Instead of using slaves for economic and cultural purposes in the prehistoric days; the system was an accepted practice because it was based on the projected natural inferiority of individuals to more superior individuals and it was central to the economies of most major world civilizations.

Slavery in Mesopotamia
Historians believe that slavery as a major institution probably occurred with the development of agriculture about 10,000 BC. This occurred in Mesopotamia. The women and the children of those populations conquered. The offspring of these enslaved people provided a vast slave work force. Historically dating back to 10,000 B.C under the world’s first upcoming city of Mesopotamia, historians explain the origin and usage of slaves. Instead of buying and purchasing, slaves were the direct result of an empire being defeated. Although there isn’t much known about the earliest societies of slaves, during this time technologies were developed and the city of Mesopotamia was forced to face warfare with those determined to conquer the land and technologies[1]. Mesopotamia defeated those who challenged; those on the opposing side (enemies) that lost in battle were captured and forced to work as slaves. In effect the rise of civilization brought with it slavery. Agriculture required a labor force and thus a way of usefully utilizing war captives; both the captive warriors and civilians seized n the war. This varied substantially from civilization to civilization. Slavery for a long time represented the fall of an enemy in battle whose soldiers were captured and forced to work for whom they were once engaged in battle with or those victim to a dynasty, kingdom, or territory that has been conquered in battle after an invasion. Coming closer towards todays time civilizations began to use slaves to do developmental work for cites, nations, and countries to discover valuable resources such as silver, diamond, crystal and pearls. A system in which culture and ethnicity didn’t determine if one was fit to be a slave. Other sources of slaves were criminals as well as people who failed to pay their debts. Very little is known about slavery in the earliest civilizations of Mesopotamia. Slaves under the code were the status of property or merchandise. Slaves did, however in Mesopotamia and some other ancient developments, have rights. Slaves were permitted to own property, conduct business, and even marry free women.[2] Manumission was allowed through both self-purchase or adoption by the owner. Mesopotamia being the first city set the pattern of slavery for other ancient developmental territories.

Slavery in Ancient China
Chinese civilization developed independently of others because it was separated from them by deserts and by sheer distance. After 10,000 BC people in China lived by hunting and gathering plants. Then, about 5,000 BC,...
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