Thavaseelan K (A 31)
STATE TERM PAPER
Thavaseelan K (A 31)
Sno| Topic| Page No|
1| Introduction| 3|
2| Why is Skill Development in the North East urgent and critical?| 4| 3| Nagaland – An Overview| 4|
4| Identification of Growth Sectors| 11|
5| District level Analysis of Nagaland| 13|
6| Skill Gap Analysis| 17|
7| Recommendations| 19|
8| References| 20|
The North Eastern States comprise Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The eight states cover an area of 2, 62, 179 sq. km. constituting 7.9 % of the country’s geographical area. According to the 2011 Census, the population of these eight states was 46 million or approximately 4% of the total population of the country. For years together, most of the north eastern states have stayed under developed and untapped due to a plethora of reasons. Some of these are outlined as under – a. Remoteness and isolation owing to their landlocked nature b. Poor market access
c. Extremely limited connectivity with the rest of India and between the states d. Problems in acquisition of land
e. Limited infrastructure
f. Reliance on traditional cultivation methods that are by and large inefficient g. Lack of physical infrastructure in the agricultural sector especially as regards cold storage facilities for warehousing fruits and vegetables and their subsequent transport to the market h. Lack of access / Limited access to bank credit for enterprises. This is also partly due to the largely underdeveloped banking facilities in the north east. i. Poor awareness of markets, changing demand patterns, raw material sourcing, technology, branding and quality standards j. Excessive dependence on government schemes and programmes k. Migration of educated population out of the region for employment
In spite of the aforementioned disadvantages, there are quite a few entrepreneurs who have made it big in the region during the last decade or so. Their number is only likely to grow further in the future as more people travel outside the region, get educated, develop skills and get trained and return back to the region to start on their own. Plus the government is actively encouraging investments in this region to ensure gainful employment for skilled and trained persons.
It is this regard that the North Easter Council (NEC) and the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) have come up with a Vision 2020 plan for the whole of North East India.
Under Vision 2020 the following targets have been envisaged – * Overall GSDP growth at a CAGR of 11.64 % between 2007 – 09 and 2019 – 20 * Overall per capita income growth of 12.95 % between 2007 – 09 and 2019 – 20
In order to achieve these targets, the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region has formulated a strategic plan 2010 – 16 focusing on three broad themes – 1. Rapid socio-economic development
2. Building capacities and competencies in critical sectors in the North Eastern States 3. Promote the strengths of the region
Why is Skill Development in the North East urgent and critical? According to the National Skill Development Council (NSDC), a public-private partnership initiative of the Government of India (GoI), a staggering 14 million people are expected to move out of the northeast between 2011 and 2021 in search of employment elsewhere in the country. A NSDC study on the employment generation potential of the north eastern states pegs the number of jobs that would be additionally generated between 2011 and 2021 at approximately 2.6 million. Further, the study...