Sixties Revolts

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1960’s
 Revolts
 
 
Business & Society

Wild
 six2es
 –
 a
 century
 full
 of
 change
 
June
 1969
  Woodstock
 fes9val,
 NY,
 USA
  Mar
 to
 Mai
 1968
  Student
 Movement,
 FRA
  Feb
 1968
  An9-­‐War
 Movement,
 GER
  April
 1965
  An9-­‐War
 Movement
 
  WA,
 USA
 

Apr
 to
 May
 1968
  -­‐assault
 of
 Rudi
 Dutschke,
 GER
 
  -­‐students
 protests
 in
 several
 ci9es
  April
 1968
  assault
 of
 Mar9n
 Luther
 King,
 TN,
 
 USA
  Jun-­‐Nov
 1967
  student
 protests
 and
 hunger
 strike,
 GER
 

Dec
 1964
 
  Free
 Speech
 Movement,
 CA,
 USA
 

Agenda
 
¤ Wild
 1960´s
 –
 All
 about
 sex,
 drugs
 &
 rock’n’roll?
 
  ¤ What
 makes
 this
 9me
 unique?
  ¤ Why
 did
 it
 happen
 around
 the
 globe
 at
 the
 same
 9me?
  ¤ Break
 through
 the
 social
 constraints
 of
 the
 previous
 9me
  ¤ Symbols:
 Sex,
 drugs
 &
 rock’n’roll
 
  ¤ Sex,
 drugs
 &
 rock’n’roll
 à
 mid
 &
 long-­‐term
 consequences
 
 

What
 are
 the
 six9es
 mainly
 about?
 
 
Overview of the Past ¤  Structure of society - baby boomers - young vs. old generation - traditional values ¤  Political system - conservative parties - engagement in war ¤  Economic system - high growth after WW II - first downturn 3-Pillars Drives for change ¤  greater individual freedom ¤  higher quality of life ¤  breaking free of social constraints and traditional values

¤  Education

¤  War & Nuclear Threat

¤  weaker economy

World
 situa2on
 
China
  Cultural
 Revolu9on
 

Ireland
  Civil
 Rights
 Movement
 

Italy,
 UK,
 Poland,
 Yugoslavia
 &
 Czech
 Republic
  Students
 Movements
 

Mexico
  Student
 
 and
 Civilian
  Movement
 

break through of Radia2on
 Effects
  traditional values


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Young
 vs.
 Old
 
“new politics”
new social movement à “counterculture” focusing on: ¤  quality of life ¤  individual self-realization ¤  human rights

“old politics”
focus on: ¤  economic, political and military security. ¤  materialism and economic wellbeing ¤  traditional role models

Counterculture of the 1960s
White, middle class youth – rejected the cultural standards of their parents – made up the bulk of the counterculture Social issues: ¤  Civil Rights Movement ¤  Women´s Rights Movement ¤  Gay Rights Movements ¤  Rejection of the Vietnam War = New cultural forms ¤  The war in Vietnam ¤  Race relations ¤  Sexual mores ¤  Women´s rights ¤  Traditional modes of authority ¤  Materialist interpretation of the American Dream

New idea with goals

Access to media

Symbols & Figures

Hippies – breaking free of social constraints & traditional values ¤  The economic boom of the 50ʼ’s had led to higher number of students ¤  Empowered the youth with a new sense of freedom & independence ¤  Shared their feelings about society and fears about the future ¤  Embodied in psychedelic rock music, pop-art & spirituality (The Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd, The Rolling Stones etc.)

¤  Sentiments were expressed in song lyrics and popular sayings (“do your own thing”, “turn on, tune in, drop out”, etc.)

Breaking free of traditional values – sexual revolution (liberation) ¤  Triggers: ¤  Mass media spread the new idea ¤  Technology: Contraception & the pill ¤  Permissive societies (new left) ¤  Supported by feminists, hippies, gay rights campaigners etc. ¤  Normalization of homosexuality & alternative forms of...
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