Short Story and Dramatic Irony

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What is irony? Irony is the mismatch between the actual results versus the expected results. In literature, irony is a device that causes surprise and amusement for the audience also a helper to the author to make their writing more fluid. Types of irony in stories are dramatic, situational and verbal. In the short stories “The Censors” by Luisa Valenzuela, “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant and “Lamb to the Slaughter” by Roald Dahl, there is situational and dramatic irony. The ironies affect the main characters carrying their stories out interestingly. In the short story “The Censors” there is situational irony. The protagonist Juan is in a predicament because of a letter he writes to a girl, Marianna. Juan regrets writing the letter and decides to work for the censorship bureau, who has the letter. “…he applies simply to intercept his own letter” (Valenzuela 4). The expectation is that Juan works incognito smoothly. Gets his letter back and quits being a censor because that was his goal in mind. But instead, “…when the letter reached his hands he condemned it without remorse…” (Valenzuela 12) Juan gets the letter back; however he did not quit his job resulting in his death. What the reader had inferred is defied which is situational irony. Mutually, there is situational irony in “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant. Which is about Mathilde Loisel a poor women who desires indulgence in leisure. She gets her wish when she receives an invitation to a ball. She borrows a diamond necklace from her wealthy friend, Forrestier to complete her attire for the event. “The day of the party arrived. Loisel was a sensation. She was the prettiest one there, fashionable, gracious smiling” (Maupassant 129). Happy night for Loisel, she goes home and remembers the night for the rest of her night. But not quite, Loisel loses Forrestiers necklace. Throwing her into debt slaving to pay off the replacement necklace, after years of labor Loisel and her husband pay...
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