The paper will be used to further explore intervention approaches and treatment options for the client I did my case presentation on and also a process recording, Amanda. The information presented about Amanda is information gathered during the intake assessment, family discussions, and individual family sessions. The two theories that have been researched and will be used throughout this paper are Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and the Structural Family Therapy (SFT) because both theories are able to address the issues Amanda is presenting. These theories will be critiqued based upon research in journal articles and readings from class. Then the theories will be applied to Amanda's case based upon the empirical evidence found within the journal articles and class readings. Finally, the paper will conclude with discussion regarding the interventions and questions still needing to be answered.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is being explored because it is focused on an individual experiencing unwanted thoughts or feeling and this is causing the individual to feel a way they do not like and want to change. In Amanda's case, the presenting problem is that she is experiencing anxiety and depression related to school. The goal is for her to move past these feelings in order to be apart of a regular school setting for the next school year.
The other type of therapy that is being explored is Structural Family Therapy. This type of therapy looks at how families are structured and how this structure impacts the client. It provides the clinician an opportunity to see the family dynamics and interactions of the family members. In Amanda's case, her family has a significant impact on her mental health. This includes genetics, lack of a relationship with her father, and the abusive relationships her mother has been in and Amanda has witnessed.
II. Review and Critique of Intervention Models
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how we feel and what we do (National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists (NACBT) online). Cognitive theory states that the problem originates in faulty congnitions or understandings that consequently lead to inappropriate or dysfunctional responses, behaviors, attitudes, or feelings on the part of individuals (Maguire 2002). Maguire further states that this can lead to a pattern of inappropriate and extreme emotions and responses. Essentially, the cognitive-behavioral approaches, building on social learning theories, suggest that how one thinks also interacts with one's behavior (Shulman 2006). This theory involves a collaborative therapeutic relationship between the client and the clinician. This type of therapy at times will be confrontational in that the clinician will verbalize to the client that the feelings they are having are false and distorted. It is important that the clinician does not overstep any boundaries and become overly controlling of the sessions and therapy in general. The clinician may also further challenge the client to further explore their feelings and perceptions. This type of therapy usually assumes that the client is ready and willing to change. At times, many questions can be asked by the clinician to better understand the situation and to also get to the bottom of what is causing the issue. According to NACBT the therapy is brief and fast paced and is on average sixteen sessions, which means the client must be sincere in their effort to change.
Other efforts to engage, empower, and be successful using this type of therapy is to give the client homework assignments. The use of homework assignments completed outside of therapy is a hallmark of behavior therapy approaches. Completion of extra-session homework is hypothesized to be a critical mechanism for skill consolidation and generalization. The importance of controlling for, and better...