Literature Review: Self Esteem and Imagery Perspectives
Failure is something that everyone goes through in life, however how it effects someone is an important factor to know. According to this article, Ross Periot believe, “Failures are like skinned knees, painful but superficial.” Amy Sedaris believes, “I failed first grade, which is my biggest problem. You always feel like a failure.” This study will show how one subjectively interprets and copes with failure in life. Self esteem plays a huge role I this topic. According to Ross, self esteem is “an aspect of the self concept that captures a persons global self evaluations. This experiment took participants with self esteem data and put each one into individual cubicles to complete questionnaire in which they visualized an event from their lives and then rated current emotions. (2011). They then received a memory prompt which showed their view of success and failure to that incident. They explained in paper whether they felt guilty or ashamed. At the end of study participants explained the event they were writing about and date which it occurred. According to the other studies done, they predicted that when they viewed failure, perspective and self esteem would interact to predict shame. This experiment showed people who viewed themselves from a third person perspective as they pictured real past failures in their lives, the more low self esteem they had, due to overgeneralization. The view from the first person seemed to reduce shame. This shows that imagery perspective function contribute to understanding the subjective processes that drive self esteem differences and the experience of shame. References
Libby, L. K., Valenti, G., Pfent, A., & Eibach, R. P. (2011). Seeing failure in your life: Imagery
perspective determines whether self-esteem shapes reactions to recalled and imagined
failure. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 101(6), 1157-1173.
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