Scientific Renaissance

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2012
Melanie Mak
Mrs. Perez
11/2/2012
2012
Melanie Mak
Mrs. Perez
11/2/2012

The Scientific Renaissance
The Scientific Renaissance

Today, technology has improved with fancy gadgets like computers, iPhones, iPads, tablets, and other wireless devices and accessories. Not only has our technology improved, yet our knowledge increased greatly about many things. Although, we couldn’t have known any of this great information without the help of geniuses from WAY back in the past. From 750 to 1258, lay a new empire in Baghdad, Mesopotamia~ the Abbasid Empire. The Abbasid Empire began to flourish and become prosperous. Their great wealth enabled the Abbasids to support education, along with art. In the beginning, Muslims were simple and did not really cultivate for education. However, once their dynasty was beginning to flourish, they also began their desire to study various branches of literature, mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, geography, and medicine. In 751, The Abbasids raided Central Asia and captured a few of Chinese artisans that were skilled in paper making. These Chinese prisoners won their freedom by revealing papermaking secrets. Once papermaking was spread throughout the Muslim world, books were more available. Books took a great role in contributing to the beginnings of literature and other records. During 813 to 833, Caliph al Ma’mun founded a school in Baghdad called the House of Wisdom. Caliph al-Mansur sent an embassy to the Byzantine emperor to request translations of books on mathematics. The Byzantine emperor sent him Euclid’s Elements and other works on physics. Muslim scholars then studied these books and anticipated to obtain more. Al- Ma’mun sent ambassadors and translators to the Byzantine Empire, for searching out works on Greek sciences and have them translated into Arabic. Euclid, Apol-lonius of Perga, Nichomachus of Gerasa, Menelaus, Archimedes, and Theodosius of Tripoli were all translated into Latin and Hebrew. These...
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