Scientific Method

Topics: Scientific method, Deductive reasoning, Logic Pages: 8 (2324 words) Published: May 15, 2013
Scientific Method Scientific Method is considered a series of systematic steps and tools that leads to scientific knowledge. These steps allow us to carry out an investigation. Arises as a result of the experience that man has accumulated throughout its history such as the transformation that has been going on in the field of some experimental sciences. It is based on a series of steps and procedures organized for the entire cycle of an investigation. (Makafoosh, 1979)

Exploratory research: is considered the first scientific approach to a problem. It is used when it has not yet been addressed or has not been sufficiently studied and the conditions are not yet decisive. To explore a relatively unknown have a wide spectrum of media to collect data in different sciences: literature, interviews and questionnaires to people, participant observation (not participant) and monitoring of cases. Exploratory research will end when, from the data collected, we acquired enough knowledge to know what factors are relevant to the problem and which are not. Until then, it is already able to deal with an analysis of the data from which arise the conclusions and research recommendations.

constructive research: can conceive Real as a great process, a Macroprocess, where everything is connected to everything, directly. Disintegrate the world is not more valid than an integrated teaching. This type of research generates contributions to society. Busting ecóicamente repeat customs, to select and apply by intuition or maliciously foreign formulas, built without proper participation.

empirical research is to gather information about the object of study. We call theory all the knowledge that has been accumulated through many research projects. In the type of study data are simply collected, processed, and then added to the collective structure of all theories, they are not used to make improvements to the object or its environment. In fact, many scientists think that is the only acceptable way to do research: the scientist must by all means avoid "disturbing" to the object, since it necessarily change the information gathered, making it "unnatural" or "atypical".

Models of scientific paper: corresponds to a written and published report describing original research results. Thus a publication must follow a specific pattern and presenting writing, following a fundamental skeleton that responds to the scientific method employed formulation.

Cognition (Latin: cognoscere, "know") refers to the ability of human beings to process information from the perception, knowledge acquired and subjective characteristics that allow us to evaluate and consider certain aspects over others.

Cognitive processes can be natural or artificial conscious or unconscious, which explains why his studio has been addressed from different perspectives including neurology, psychology, philosophy and information science - such as Artificial Intelligence and Knowledge Management .

In psychology and artificial intelligence (AI) concept refers to the functions, processes and intelligent agents' mental states, with a particular focus on processes such as comprehension, inference, decision-making, planning and learning. The field research addresses agent capabilities / systems such as abstraction, generalization, realization / specialization and metarazonamiento in which involve subjective concepts such as beliefs, knowledge, mental states and preferences.

Inductive reasoning: it is a form of deductive reasoning consisting of general conclusions from premises containing particulars. For example, repeated observation of objects or events of a similar nature provides a conclusion for all objects or events of that nature. The conclusion of an inductive reasoning only to be likely and, indeed, the information we collect through this mode of reasoning is always uncertain and questionable information that supports exceptions.

Deductive Reasoning: In a valid deductive...
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